Yildirim et al., "Reconstruction of the orbit with a temporalis muscle flap after orbital exenteration," Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology, vol.
Caption: Figure 6: Postoperative period and tissue healing after the orbital exenteration with surgical resection of the tumor.
Reconstruction of the orbit with a temporalis muscle flap after orbital exenteration
. Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol 2015; 8(1):52-56.
Then patient underwent orbital exenteration
; the eyelids were retained on the patient's request.
Stage III refers to any tumor that also includes the presence of regional lymph node metastasis; a locally advanced tumor requiring an enucleation or orbital exenteration
; or an anatomically nonresectable tumor.
We present a unique case of a patient with recently diagnosed primary orbital ES who underwent orbital exenteration followed by adjuvant external beam radiation treatment.
Within one month of the biopsy, the patient underwent a left orbital exenteration with partial maxillectomy and partial ethmoidectomy.
Most of our surgical patients (63.3%) had positive microscopic margins despite aggressive surgery, including maxillectomy, orbital exenteration
, and craniofacial resection.
The patient underwent extensive surgical resection and postoperative radiotherapy, but 5 months later he required orbital exenteration
for persistent disease.
More advanced lesions might require orbital exenteration
, pterygopalatine fossa resection, or skull base resection.
The third fatality was the result of multisystem organ failure 2 years after the patient had undergone a subtotal maxillectomy and orbital exenteration
; this patient had no evidence of recurrent aspergillosis at the time of death.