Restylane (two lids) or Juvederm Ultra (eight lids) were injected in the pretarsal and / or prelevator aponeurosis regions along the length of the upper eyelid deep to the orbicularis
oculi muscle using a feathered layered approach until the desired endpoint (resolution of lagophthalmos without obstruction of visual axis) was reached.
In external DCR, there is an external nasal scar and the possibility of injury to medial canthal ligament and orbicularis
A total dose of four units of botulinum toxin A was injected into the right levator labii superior muscle, two units into the right levator anguli oris muscle, two units into the left depressor anguli oris muscle, and two units into the right inferior orbicularis
oculi reflex and masseter reflex in trigeminal neuralgia, paratrigeminal syndrome, and other lesions of the trigeminal nerve.
Eyeblink EMG responses were recorded from the left orbicularis
oculi muscle with two Ag/AgCl electrodes (4 mm diameter) filled with conductive gel (Signa, Parker).
Look for contraction of the orbicularis
oculi muscle if convergence spasm is suspected, in which case associated contraction of this muscle of the face during eye movement examination usually also occurs.
This protocol establishes the aesthetic analysis of nasogenian grooves, vertical ridges in the lips area and the orbicularis
eye region, procerus and forehead, as well as the appearance of marionette lines, as shown in Figure 1.
Intramuscular injection in the superior temporal aspect of the orbicularis
oculi at 3 points with a total dose of about 10-15 U Botox or 30-40 U Dysport is recommended.
McCarthy and Court21 attributed vermillion notching after cleft lip repair to excessive sacrifice of vermillion during primary repair or inadequate approximation of orbicularis
Reference jitter values for concentric needle electrodes in voluntarily activated extensor digitorum communis and orbicularis
muscle was sharply dissected away from the skin laterally.
captivity, Emys orbicularis
, infectious stomatitis, improper husbandry, lameness.