oralism

(redirected from oralist)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

oralism

(ôr′ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
The theory or practice of teaching hearing-impaired or deaf persons to communicate by means of spoken language.

o′ral·ist adj. & n.

oralism

(or′ăl-ĭzm)
The instruction of hearing-impaired students with speech or speech reading rather than with signed or finger-spelled words.
References in periodicals archive ?
Being forced into the oralist method of education is now considered oppressive by a large portion of the Deaf community, who see it as an attempt to destroy their culture; however, during the time period in which the novel is set, this type of education seemed preferable.
Dimitrios Peteves, a third-year law student from the University of Florida, was named best oralist in a three-way tie with two law students from other schools.
That symposium, stacked to favor champions of the oralist teaching method, passed a series of resolutions attempting to ban sign language from schools.
(24) The Manitoba School largely resisted the wave of oralist education then sweeping the United States, a movement characterized by the prohibition of sign language on deaf campuses and the uniform determination to teach deaf children to speak and read lips in order to facilitate their greater integration into hearing society.
It's a semi-scholarly treatment that traces the frequent use of religious rhetoric by Deaf members to support sign language, and it analyzes Gallaudet's use of religious references in his speeches and presentations, considers different religious perspectives of the manualist and oralist trains of thought surrounding sign language, and examines this rhetoric in churches and other places deaf people congregate.
As a profoundly deaf child, Weber was taught, in the oralist tradition, to speak instead of using American Sign Language.
Oralist" and "Best Advocate" for his oral arguments,
The dispute that ties together the various strands of Esmail's analysis is the one that waged between promoters of signed languages and their oralist opponents, who strove to eliminate spatial and gestural modes of communication by enforcing lip reading and spoken English as the deaf lingua franca.
This absence reflects educational practices at the time Bowen was writing: from the late nineteenth century through the 1970s, the oralist movement dominated educational theory and practice for deaf children; oralism advocated banning signed languages from deaf schools and replacing them with training in lip-reading and speech (Baynton 4-5).