oral hairy leukoplakia

(redirected from oral manifestation)

leukoplakia

 [loo″ko-pla´ke-ah]
a disease marked by the development of white thickened patches on the mucous membranes of the cheeks (leukoplakia buccalis), gums, or tongue (leukoplakia lingualis); the patches sometimes form fissures and often become malignant. They may grow into larger patches or form ulcers. Those in the mouth may in time cause pain during swallowing of food or speaking. Leukoplakia affects mostly middle-aged to elderly men, often after prolonged irritation of the mouth from such varying factors as badly fitting dentures or immoderate use of tobacco.

Treatment is aimed at removing any possible cause of physical or chemical irritation; the patient should give up tobacco and possibly also alcohol and extremely hot food. Dental attention may be necessary if teeth are uneven or dentures do not fit properly. Surgical removal of the affected area is relatively simple and may be the best means of preventing further development of the condition.
oral hairy leukoplakia a white filiform to flat patch occurring on the tongue or, rarely, on the buccal mucosa, caused by infection with Epstein-Barr virus and associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
leukoplakia vul´vae the presence of hypertrophic grayish-white infiltrated patches on the vulvar mucosa; specific diagnosis is determined by biopsy.

oral hairy leukoplakia

Enlarge picture
ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA

oral hairy leukoplakia

Leukoplakia of the tongue. It is typically found in immunocompromised patients is a result of Epstein-Barr virus infection.
illustration
See also: leukoplakia

oral hairy leukoplakia (loo´kōplā´kēə),

n a filamentous, white plaque found on the lateral borders of the tongue that can spread across the entire dorsum of the tongue and onto the buccal mucosa. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been identified in biopsy specimens of these lesions. An indicator disease for AIDS. See also leukoplakia.
oral health diet score,
n a motivational aid to good nutrition. Merit points are earned by an adequate intake of foods from the recommended food groups. Demerits are given for frequent intake of foods high in sugars. The difference is the oral health diet score. The technique is applicable to children with a high incidence of dental caries.
oral health index,
n a statistical measure that quantifies one or more aspects of a person's or group's oral health status.
oral hygiene,
oral manifestation,
n the presence of the signs, symptoms, and lesions of a systemic disease in and around the oral cavity.
oral medicine,
oral mucosa,
oral physiology,
oral self-examination,
n the procedure shown to dental patients in order to look for indications of cancer. The patient monitors the tissues of his or her oral cavity, as well as those of the head and neck, reporting any changes to a dental professional.
oral surgery,
n See surgery, oral.
oral warts,
n.pl warts caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) that may be scattered throughout the oral cavity or localized in one area. They frequently recur. They are associated with AIDS infection.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tonsillar hypertrophy was the most common oral manifestation, followed by candidiasis, stomatitis and aphthous ulcers.
She conveyed that 90 percent of people living with HIV develop atleast one dental problem, and added that it is often the dentist who will be the first to identify an oral manifestation of HIV.
Necrotizing gingivitis: a possible oral manifestation of ticlopidine-induced agranulocytosis.
Oral warts are an increasingly common opportunistic infection in HIV-infected individuals, and recognition of this oral manifestation of HIV infection is important for these individuals as well as health care providers involved in their care.
6) OFG was an oral manifestation of CD prior to diagnosis of the condition.
Oral manifestation of infantile systemic hyalinosis.
Although Sweet syndrome is uncommon, even in dermatology practice, its head and neck and oral manifestations and its association with paraneoplastic disease warrant the need for otolaryngologists to be aware of the condition.
By understanding the signs, symptoms and oral manifestations of obstructive sleep apnea, the clinician can thoroughly guide and educate patients who may present with the condition, as well as know how to manage them in a dental setting.
Gastroenterologists and others from the US and Singapore discuss the definition and pathophysiology of reflux; the evaluation of typical GERD; pulmonary manifestations like asthma, chronic cough, and aspiration; ear, nose, and throat manifestations, including laryngitis, cancer, hoarseness, sinusitis, and postnasal drip; sleep disturbance; oral manifestations like tooth surface loss; and problems in pediatric populations, including feeding refusal, apnea, and insufficient weight gain.
The swellings may be developmental, inflammatory, of neoplastic origin, or represent oral manifestations of a systemic disease.