oral cancer


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oral cancer

a malignant neoplasm on the lip or in the mouth that occurs at an average age of 60, with a frequency eight times higher in men than in women. Predisposing factors are alcoholism; heavy use of tobacco; poor oral hygiene; ill-fitting dentures; syphilis; Plummer-Vinson syndrome; betel nut chewing; and, in lip cancer, pipe smoking and overexposure to sun and wind. Premalignant leukoplakia or erythroplasia or a painless nonhealing ulcer may be the first sign of oral cancer; localized pain usually occurs later, but lymph nodes may be involved early in the course. Diagnostic measures include digital examination, biopsy, exfoliative cytology, x-ray film of the mandible, and chest films to detect metastatic lung lesions. Almost all oral tumors are epidermoid carcinomas. Adenocarcinomas occur occasionally, whereas sarcomas and metastatic lesions from other sites are rare. Small primary lesions may be treated by excision or irradiation, and more extensive oral tumors may be treated by surgery, with removal of involved lymph nodes and preoperative or postoperative radiotherapy. Among chemotherapeutic agents administered are cisplatin, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, bleomycin, and Adriamycin. Postoperative nursing care involves maintenance of airway patency, relieving pain, promoting adequate nutrition, and health teaching regarding follow-up care and psychosocial adjustment if body image has been affected.

oral cancer

Cancer of mouth, mouth cancer ENT A malignancy of the lips, tongue, floor of mouth, salivary glands, buccal mucosa, gingiva, palate; most OCs are squamous cell carcinomas linked to tobacco use and/or smoking, and tend to spread rapidly High risk factors for OCs Alcohol abuse, poor dental and oral hygiene, chronic irritation–eg, rough teeth, dentures, etc; OCs may begin as leukoplakia or mouth ulcers; ♂ are hit twice as often as ♀. See Squamous cell carcinoma.

or·al can·cer

(ōrăl kansĕr)
Cancer affecting lips, tongue, floor of the mouth, palate, gingiva, alveolar mucosa, buccal mucosa, and oropharynx.

Patient discussion about oral cancer

Q. What is Mouth cancer? My grandfather has been diagnosed with mouth cancer. What is it? Is it dangerous?

A. Cancer of the mouth is dangerous as are all cancers. The earlier this cancer is detected, the better the survival rates are. If the cancer is caught in the first stage the survival rates can go up to 90% of patients surviving five years and most of these will be cured.

Q. What are the symptoms of mouth cancer? I have an ulcer in my mouth that won't go away, could it be cancer?

A. Have you had this ulcer for a long time? over 3 weeks?
If so, consult your GP however don't be alarmed as it isn't necessarily cancer, though it's always better to check it out and not neglect it.

Q. What is radiotherapy? My Grandfather had a surgery to remove a cancerous tumor on his cheek. He now needs to undergo radiotherapy. What is this? what are its side effects?

A. Generally, radiotherapy causes tiredness and sore, red skin in the area being treated. This is a bit like sunburn. Radiotherapy to the neck can damage the thyroid gland. Other side effects include: a sore throat- due to mouth ulcers, pain on swallowing,
a dry mouth- due to damage caused to the salivary glands (which are in charge of making the saliva), taste changes, a hoarse voice and effect on the sense of smell.

More discussions about oral cancer
References in periodicals archive ?
Some 391 new oral cancer cases were registered in Cyprus between 1998 and 2011, involving cancer of the lip, tongue, mouth, salivary glands and the throat.
About the OncAlert Oral Cancer System Both products in Vigilant Biosciences' OncAlert Oral Cancer System are based on patented technology that detects specific protein markers associated with oral cancer, even prior to the observation of visual or physical symptoms.
About Oral Cancer According to the World Health Organization, there are over 600,000 new cases of head and neck cancer and 300,000 deaths each year worldwide.
Kris Munk, an oral surgeon and faculty member, shared heartfelt stories about patients who succumbed to oral cancer but may have had a better outcome if they had only visited a dentist sooner, reinforcing the importance for everyone to be screened regularly.
Dakota Dental believes oral cancer screening is so important that the family dentists make the screening a regular part of a routine preventive dentistry exam.
With leading digital X-Ray technology, your dentist can screen for oral cancer through a noninvasive process allowing you to seek treatment before it spreads to other areas of the body such as the lymph nodes of the neck.
He praised the government for focusing on a preventive programme against various diseases, including oral cancer, and stressed the need to launch a vigorous awareness campaign among the people to discourage the use of such hazardous things.
Studies have shown that detecting oral cancer in the very early stages can increase a patient's survival rate by as much as 90 per cent.
While tobacco is the main risk factor for oral cancer, the fact that smoking rates in Britain are down while oral cancer rates have been on the rise for decades have led health advocates to believe the country's increasing alcohol consumption is largely to blame.
Smoking and alcohol consumption are the two main risk factors for oral cancers.
Each year around 5,000 new oral cancers are diagnosed in the UK and 1,800 people die from the disease.
ALCOHOL is behind a huge rise in oral cancers among people in their 40s, experts said yesterday.