oral cancer


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oral cancer

a malignant neoplasm on the lip or in the mouth that occurs at an average age of 60, with a frequency eight times higher in men than in women. Predisposing factors are alcoholism; heavy use of tobacco; poor oral hygiene; ill-fitting dentures; syphilis; Plummer-Vinson syndrome; betel nut chewing; and, in lip cancer, pipe smoking and overexposure to sun and wind. Premalignant leukoplakia or erythroplasia or a painless nonhealing ulcer may be the first sign of oral cancer; localized pain usually occurs later, but lymph nodes may be involved early in the course. Diagnostic measures include digital examination, biopsy, exfoliative cytology, x-ray film of the mandible, and chest films to detect metastatic lung lesions. Almost all oral tumors are epidermoid carcinomas. Adenocarcinomas occur occasionally, whereas sarcomas and metastatic lesions from other sites are rare. Small primary lesions may be treated by excision or irradiation, and more extensive oral tumors may be treated by surgery, with removal of involved lymph nodes and preoperative or postoperative radiotherapy. Among chemotherapeutic agents administered are cisplatin, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, bleomycin, and Adriamycin. Postoperative nursing care involves maintenance of airway patency, relieving pain, promoting adequate nutrition, and health teaching regarding follow-up care and psychosocial adjustment if body image has been affected.

oral cancer

Cancer of mouth, mouth cancer ENT A malignancy of the lips, tongue, floor of mouth, salivary glands, buccal mucosa, gingiva, palate; most OCs are squamous cell carcinomas linked to tobacco use and/or smoking, and tend to spread rapidly High risk factors for OCs Alcohol abuse, poor dental and oral hygiene, chronic irritation–eg, rough teeth, dentures, etc; OCs may begin as leukoplakia or mouth ulcers; ♂ are hit twice as often as ♀. See Squamous cell carcinoma.

or·al can·cer

(ōrăl kansĕr)
Cancer affecting lips, tongue, floor of the mouth, palate, gingiva, alveolar mucosa, buccal mucosa, and oropharynx.

Patient discussion about oral cancer

Q. What is Mouth cancer? My grandfather has been diagnosed with mouth cancer. What is it? Is it dangerous?

A. Cancer of the mouth is dangerous as are all cancers. The earlier this cancer is detected, the better the survival rates are. If the cancer is caught in the first stage the survival rates can go up to 90% of patients surviving five years and most of these will be cured.

Q. What are the symptoms of mouth cancer? I have an ulcer in my mouth that won't go away, could it be cancer?

A. Have you had this ulcer for a long time? over 3 weeks?
If so, consult your GP however don't be alarmed as it isn't necessarily cancer, though it's always better to check it out and not neglect it.

Q. What is radiotherapy? My Grandfather had a surgery to remove a cancerous tumor on his cheek. He now needs to undergo radiotherapy. What is this? what are its side effects?

A. Generally, radiotherapy causes tiredness and sore, red skin in the area being treated. This is a bit like sunburn. Radiotherapy to the neck can damage the thyroid gland. Other side effects include: a sore throat- due to mouth ulcers, pain on swallowing,
a dry mouth- due to damage caused to the salivary glands (which are in charge of making the saliva), taste changes, a hoarse voice and effect on the sense of smell.

More discussions about oral cancer
References in periodicals archive ?
PMA demanded that the ban on import of all forms of Chalia should be imposed, which will definitely reduce the number of cases of oral cancer and Sub- mucous Fibrosis, cancer of oesophagus and stomach.
It is important to propagate that oral cancer is also a highly preventable and treatable disease if detected early.
New cases of cancer can be reduced by 30 per cent and if oral cancer is detected at an early stage, the five-year survival rate is increased from 50 per cent to 80 per cent," it said.
I Smokers are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop oral cancer than nonsmokers.
Patients with oral leukoplakia or postoperative oral cancer patients for prevention of secondary tumours are considered the best target population for oral cancer chemoprevention because a large proportion of oral cancers are associated with the preceding of longstanding oral leukoplakia.
The chapter examines the most common molecular genetic alterations of cancer cells and the role of these cells in the development of oral cancer, with a view to help develop targeted therapeutic approaches to the disease.
To further inform the public, Vigilant Biosciences teamed with the Oral Cancer Foundation, the Head and Neck Cancer Alliance (HNCA), and Support for People with Oral and Head and Neck Cancer (SPOHNC) to launch an awareness campaign that aims to educate adults on the risk factors and the importance of regular screening.
6%) as risk factors of oral cancer whereas only 59.
The symposium will present an interim analysis of ongoing European clinical studies in support of Vigilant Biosciences OncAlert Oral Cancer RAPID Test.
While past studies have examined dental hygienists' oral cancer screening-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors, factors influencing detection of early-stage lesions by dental hygienists are still unknown.
Patients with a definitive diagnosis oral cancer both clinically and histopathologically were included in the study.
The most recent data reveals that there are 2422 oral cancer patients in Sri Lanka and of them, 78 percent are men.