opsonize


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opsonize

 [op´sŏ-nīz]
to subject to opsonization.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

opsonize

(ŏp′sə-nīz′)
tr.v. opso·nized, opso·nizing, opso·nizes
To make (bacteria or other cells) more susceptible to the action of phagocytes.

op′so·ni·za′tion (-nĭ-zā′shən) n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

op·so·nize

(op'sŏn-īz)
To prepare microorganisms for phagocytosis and ultimate destruction.
Synonym(s): opsonise.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
CRP binds to a variety of ligands such as phosphocholine residues, modified LDL, and damaged cells; activates complement; and opsonizes biological particles (1, 2).
Fetuin (alpha2-HS-glycoprotein) opsonizes cationic macrophage deactivating molecules.
These receptors can recognize microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) and host proteins (such as IgG and complement) which were used to opsonize the microbe (Figure 1(b)).
Calreticulin appears to function as part of a group of proteins including CD91, C1q, and mannose binding lectin that serve to opsonize apoptotic cells for phagocytosis [69].
(10) This could be due to decreased serum immunoglobulin, protein deficiency, decreased bactericidal activity of the leukocytes, immunosuppressive therapy, decreased perfusion of the spleen caused by hypovolemia and loss in the urine of a complement factor (Properdin factor 3) that opsonizes certain bacteria.
The complement pathway participates in the innate immune response when C3 binds (opsonizes) MAMPs including glycans, thereby labeling them for recognition by the host.
The complement system opsonizes pathogens and generates chemotactic peptides and the membrane attack complex [24].