opsonization


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Related to opsonization: Complement system

opsonization

 [op″sŏ-nĭ-za´shun]
the rendering of bacteria and other cells subject to phagocytosis.

op·son·i·za·tion

(op'sŏn-ī-zā'shŭn),
The process by which bacteria and other cells are altered in such a manner that they are more readily and more efficiently engulfed by phagocytes.

opsonization

/op·so·ni·za·tion/ (op″sah-nĭ-za´shun) the rendering of bacteria and other cells subject to phagocytosis.

opsonization

[op′sənizā′shən]
Etymology: Gk, opsonein + izein, to cause
the action of opsonin. Also called opsonification.

op·son·i·za·tion

(op'sŏ-nī-zā'shŭn)
The process by which bacteria are altered so that they are more readily and more efficiently engulfed by phagocytes.
Synonym(s): opsonisation.

opsonization

The process by which bacteria or other antigen-bearing entities are rendered attractive to PHAGOCYTES by the binding of OPSONIN to their surface.

opsonization

addition of an opsonin (i.e. a complement moiety) to a bacterium, to ensure that the microorganism is readily identified, and more efficiently taken up, by macrophages

opsonization

the rendering of bacteria and other foreign substance subject to phagocytosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
9) typical of microbial surfaces (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) and leads to opsonization and phagocytosis by polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells.
By reconstituting serum defective in opsonization with purified MBL, it was recognized by Super et al (35) that the C3 dependent opsonic defect is due to lack of MBL.
However, binding and opsonization of HIV may alter virus trafficking and antigen presentation during infection.
High levels of MBL have also been considered deleterious to human health because its presence may favour some intracellular organisms, which take the advantage of C3 opsonization and C3 receptor on monocytes/macrophages to enter their host (Fig.
Yeast opsonization in children with chronic diarrhoeal states.
Defective yeast opsonization and C2 deficiency in atopic patients.
Suboptimal C3b/C3bi deposition and defective yeast opsonization.
Attempts to alter this response by previous opsonization of the bacteria with lobster hemolymph were without result.
The low protein content of ascitic and pleural fluid precludes opsonization and phagocytosis of bacteria and prevents resolution of the infection.
Poorer opsonization in pleural fluid as compared with peritoneal fluid may favor infectio n in the pleural space.
Shigeoka A, Hall R, Hemming V, et al: Role of antibody and complement in opsonization of group B streptococci.
Assays for oxidative burst, phagocytosis, opsonization, adhesion, and structure are available (77).