opiate poisoning


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opiate poisoning

Poisoning caused by injected, inhaled, dermal, or orally consumed opiate or opioid analgesics.

Symptoms

The patient may experience brief mental exhilaration followed by drowsiness, respiratory depression, pulmonary edema, coma, or, in massive overdoses, death.

Treatment

An airway should be established and ventilation provided. A narcotic antagonist such as naloxone is given, which may be repeated periodically if symptoms return. Pulmonary edema may be treated with diuretics, nitrates, and/or positive pressure ventilation. Synonym: codeine posioning; opium poisoning

See also: poisoning