(i) Superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis is extremely rare and is often associated with orbital inflammation/infection, systemic/local tumors, hypercoagulable states, and autoimmune conditions.
al-Turk, "Acute unilateral blindness from superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis: a rare presentation of nephrotic syndrome from class IV lupus nephritis in the absence of antiphospholipid or anticardiolipin syndrome," Case Reports in Hematology, vol.
Unal, "Intraocular pressure and superior ophthalmic vein
blood flow velocity in Graves' orbitopathy: relation with the clinical features," Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol.
This finding may reflect the hemodynamics alterations of ophthalmic veins
associated with orbital congestion.
Caption: FIGURE 2: Axial T1-weighed magnetic resonance imaging with contrast demonstrating a greatly dilated left superior ophthalmic vein
(white arrow) and normal right superior ophthalmic vein
Superior and inferior ophthalmic veins
, (SOV, IOV) drain into CS which in turn drain into the superior and inferior petrosal sinuses [Figure 1].
* Engorged superior ophthalmic veins
on the right side.
Doppler Flow Imaging: Chen et al26 have successfully demonstrated that the engorgement of the intracranial venous sinuses can be determined by measuring the diameter and maximum flow velocity of the superior ophthalmic vein
, a tributary of the cavernous sinus, using Doppler Flow imaging.
Transvenous embolization of dural carotid-cavernous fistulae with transfacial catheterization through the superior ophthalmic vein
Likewise, the ethmoid veins communicate with the superior ophthalmic veins
, and one or more of them pierce the cribriform plate and join the veins of the frontal lobe.
This confusion in the radiologic anatomy of the superior ophthalmic vein
now has been taken care of and re-judged by Zizmor and Lombardi (6).
of the ICA results in direct transmission of highly pressurized arterial blood to the cavernous sinus and ophthalmic veins
, leading to venous hypertension.2