ophthalmia neonatorum


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Related to ophthalmia neonatorum: inclusion conjunctivitis

ophthalmia

 [of-thal´me-ah]
severe inflammation of the eye or of the conjunctiva or deeper structures of the eye.
Egyptian ophthalmia trachoma.
gonorrheal ophthalmia gonorrheal conjunctivitis.
ophthalmia neonato´rum any hyperacute purulent conjunctivitis, such as gonorrheal conjunctivitis, occurring during the first 10 days of life, usually contracted during birth from infected vaginal discharge of the mother. The term formerly referred only to gonorrheal conjunctivitis, but now other types are recognized. It is prevented by instilling silver nitrate or other medication in the eyes of the newborn, although in an occasional infant silver nitrate may cause iatrogenic ophthalmia. Called also neonatal conjunctivitis.
phlyctenular ophthalmia phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis.
sympathetic ophthalmia granulomatous inflammation of the uveal tract of the uninjured eye following a wound involving the uveal tract of the other eye, resulting in bilateral granulomatous inflammation of the entire uveal tract. Called also sympathetic uveitis.

oph·thal·mi·a ne·o·na·to·rum

a conjunctival inflammation occurring within the first 10 days of life; causative agents include Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Chlamydia trachomatis.

ophthalmia neonatorum

[nē′ōnətôr′əm]
a purulent conjunctivitis and keratitis of the newborn resulting from exposure of the eyes to chemical, chlamydial, bacterial, or viral agents. Chemical conjunctivitis usually occurs as a result of the instillation of silver nitrate in the eyes of a newborn to prevent a gonococcal infection. Also called neonatal conjunctivitis. See also conjunctivitis.
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Ophthalmia neonatorum

ophthalmia neonatorum

Acute neonatal conjunctivitis, neonatal conjunctivitis Ophthalmology Inflammation of the neonatal conjunctiva, often infection by N gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis; ON causes blindness in up to 4000 newborns/yr in Africa Treatment Silver nitrate, erythromycin, other antibiotics; povidone-iodine may be more effective, less costly, toxic, and may reduce ocular HIV and herpes simplex

oph·thal·mi·a ne·o·na·to·rum

(of-thal'mē-ă nē-ō'nā-tō'rŭm)
A conjunctival inflammation occurring within the first 10 days of life; causes include Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Chlamydia trachomatis.
Synonym(s): infantile purulent conjunctivitis.

ophthalmia neonatorum

Eye inflammation occurring in the newborn baby as a result of infection acquired during birth. The condition may be due to GONORRHOEA and this, unless treated, may lead to blindness. Routine prophylactic antibiotic eye drops are often used to prevent such an outcome.

ophthalmia

severe inflammation of the eye or of the conjunctiva or deeper structures of the eye.

albinistic ophthalmia
occurs in the pseudo-albinistic fry of the Atlantic salmon; results from the bilateral exophthalmia which is inherited in the species.
contagious ophthalmia
a disease of sheep and goats caused by rickettsia (Colesiota) conjunctivae. Characterized by lacrimation, blepharospasm, keratitis and corneal opacity.
ophthalmia neonatorum
a purulent conjunctivitis occurring during the first 10 days of life, before the eyelids separate in puppies and kittens. In kittens usually caused by feline herpesvirus (rhinotracheitis).
periodic ophthalmia
a disease of horses with a causal relationship to infection wtih Leptospira spp. and possibly Onchocerca cervicalis. Manifested by recurrent attacks of photophobia, lacrimation, conjunctivitis, keratitis, hypopyon and iridocyclitis. Usually terminates in blindness.
sympathetic ophthalmia
inflammation of the uveal tract of the originally unaffected eye following a wound or disease involving the uveal tract or lens of the other eye.
References in periodicals archive ?
Evidence of the continued presence of ophthalmia neonatorum among newborns was still being reported in the 1930s and 40s.
Ophthalmia neonatorum as a cause of blindness among children.
52] Incidence varies, however, with the maternal population, and C trachomatis was recently documented in nearly 50% of cases of ophthalmia neonatorum in urban Baltimore.
Chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum may respond to careful topical treatment with erythromycin or tetracycline or sulfonamide preparations used four times daily for 2 weeks.
Diagnostic evaluation should be carried out for any case of ophthalmia neonatorum that appears to be more severe than the usual chemical conjunctivitis (after silver nitrate therapy) or that persists longer than 2 to 3 days.
Rothenberg R: Ophthalmia neonatorum due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae: Prevention and treatment.
5%), which is a macrolide antibiotic routinely used in neonates for prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum, a form of bacterial conjunctivitis that may be contracted by newborns during delivery.
Complete ocular examination of the infant was done to rule out other ophthalmic abnormalities, infants with other ocular diseases or anomalies like congenital glaucoma, birth trauma, Ophthalmia Neonatorum were not included in the study.
Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment is approved for prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum, a form of bacterial conjunctivitis that may be contracted by newborns during delivery.
AzaSite has not been approved by the FDA for the treatment of prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum and no clinical trials have been conducted using AzaSite in this population.
Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment is a macrolide antibiotic routinely used in neonates for prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum, a form of bacterial conjunctivitis that may be contracted by newborns during delivery.