ophthalmia neonatorum


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Related to ophthalmia neonatorum: inclusion conjunctivitis

ophthalmia

 [of-thal´me-ah]
severe inflammation of the eye or of the conjunctiva or deeper structures of the eye.
Egyptian ophthalmia trachoma.
gonorrheal ophthalmia gonorrheal conjunctivitis.
ophthalmia neonato´rum any hyperacute purulent conjunctivitis, such as gonorrheal conjunctivitis, occurring during the first 10 days of life, usually contracted during birth from infected vaginal discharge of the mother. The term formerly referred only to gonorrheal conjunctivitis, but now other types are recognized. It is prevented by instilling silver nitrate or other medication in the eyes of the newborn, although in an occasional infant silver nitrate may cause iatrogenic ophthalmia. Called also neonatal conjunctivitis.
phlyctenular ophthalmia phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis.
sympathetic ophthalmia granulomatous inflammation of the uveal tract of the uninjured eye following a wound involving the uveal tract of the other eye, resulting in bilateral granulomatous inflammation of the entire uveal tract. Called also sympathetic uveitis.

oph·thal·mi·a ne·o·na·to·rum

a conjunctival inflammation occurring within the first 10 days of life; causative agents include Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Chlamydia trachomatis.

ophthalmia neonatorum

Acute neonatal conjunctivitis, neonatal conjunctivitis Ophthalmology Inflammation of the neonatal conjunctiva, often infection by N gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis; ON causes blindness in up to 4000 newborns/yr in Africa Treatment Silver nitrate, erythromycin, other antibiotics; povidone-iodine may be more effective, less costly, toxic, and may reduce ocular HIV and herpes simplex

oph·thal·mi·a ne·o·na·to·rum

(of-thal'mē-ă nē-ō'nā-tō'rŭm)
A conjunctival inflammation occurring within the first 10 days of life; causes include Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Chlamydia trachomatis.
Synonym(s): infantile purulent conjunctivitis.

ophthalmia neonatorum

Eye inflammation occurring in the newborn baby as a result of infection acquired during birth. The condition may be due to GONORRHOEA and this, unless treated, may lead to blindness. Routine prophylactic antibiotic eye drops are often used to prevent such an outcome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1: Baby's morbidity profile at 6 weeks of age Type of morbidity Frequency Percent Acute otitis media 2 3.08 Diarrhea 3 4.62 Malaria 3 4.62 Ophthalmia neonatorum 3 4.62 Oral candidiasis 1 1.53 Respiratory tract infection 27 41.53 No morbidity 26 40.00 Total 65 100.00 n=65; Cumulative frequency of sick infants at 6 weeks of age was 39 60.0%).
A nationwide survey of prophylaxis against ophthalmia neonatorum in Turkey.
Report of societies: Ophthalmia neonatorum. BMJ 1943;2: 722-3.
Table X shows that out of 1000 neonates, ophthalmia neonatorum (23.3%) was the most common and breast abscess (0.1%) was the least common infectious skin disorders.
Ophthalmia neonatorum was more frequently seen on first 4 days of life.
Evidence of the continued presence of ophthalmia neonatorum among newborns was still being reported in the 1930s and 40s.
Pseudo-gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. Indian Pediatr.
Chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum may respond to careful topical treatment with erythromycin or tetracycline or sulfonamide preparations used four times daily for 2 weeks.
DISCUSSION: Ophthalmia neonatorum is the most common ocular disease in the newborn, occurring in 2-12% (3,4,5) of neonates.
Diagnostic evaluation should be carried out for any case of ophthalmia neonatorum that appears to be more severe than the usual chemical conjunctivitis (after silver nitrate therapy) or that persists longer than 2 to 3 days.
Infection during pregnancy may cause spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, prematurity, low birth weight, congenital syphilis, and ophthalmia neonatorum (12).
Complete ocular examination of the infant was done to rule out other ophthalmic abnormalities, infants with other ocular diseases or anomalies like congenital glaucoma, birth trauma, Ophthalmia Neonatorum were not included in the study.