ophthalmia


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ophthalmia

 [of-thal´me-ah]
severe inflammation of the eye or of the conjunctiva or deeper structures of the eye.
Egyptian ophthalmia trachoma.
gonorrheal ophthalmia gonorrheal conjunctivitis.
ophthalmia neonato´rum any hyperacute purulent conjunctivitis, such as gonorrheal conjunctivitis, occurring during the first 10 days of life, usually contracted during birth from infected vaginal discharge of the mother. The term formerly referred only to gonorrheal conjunctivitis, but now other types are recognized. It is prevented by instilling silver nitrate or other medication in the eyes of the newborn, although in an occasional infant silver nitrate may cause iatrogenic ophthalmia. Called also neonatal conjunctivitis.
phlyctenular ophthalmia phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis.
sympathetic ophthalmia granulomatous inflammation of the uveal tract of the uninjured eye following a wound involving the uveal tract of the other eye, resulting in bilateral granulomatous inflammation of the entire uveal tract. Called also sympathetic uveitis.

oph·thal·mi·a

(of-thal'mē-ă),
1. Severe, often purulent, conjunctivitis.
2. Inflammation of the deeper structures of the eye.
[G.]

ophthalmia

(ŏf-thăl′mē-ə, ŏp-)
n.
Inflammation of the eye, especially of the conjunctiva.

oph·thal·mi·a

(of-thal'mē-ă)
1. Severe, often purulent, conjunctivitis.
2. Inflammation of the deeper structures of the eye.
[G.]

ophthalmia

An obsolescent term for any inflammatory eye disorder.

Ophthalmia

Inflammation of the eye. Usually severe and affecting the conjunctiva. Trachoma is sometimes called Egyptian ophthalmia.
Mentioned in: Trachoma

ophthalmia 

Severe inflammation of the eye, especially, but not exclusively, one involving the conjunctiva. See conjunctivitis.
ophthalmia neonatorum An acute conjunctivitis that occurs in the first month of life as a result of infection acquired in the birth canal. The most common causes are Chlamydia trachomatis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Staphylococcus aureus and herpes simplex virus. The eyelids are swollen and stuck together by purulent discharge. If the cause is gonococcal, loss of the eye is a real and immediate threat. A gonococcal infection develops within 2-4 days after birth, whereas a chlamydial infection normally appears 5-14 days after birth. Differential diagnosis is facilitated by laboratory tests (e.g. Gram staining of conjunctival scrapings). Management depends on the cause: systemic erythromycin and topical tetracycline for chlamydial infection, ceftriaxone or cefotaxime for gonococcal infection, and eye irrigation with saline solution. Syn. blennorrhoea neonatorum; gonococcal ophthalmia; neonatal conjunctivitis. See acute conjunctivitis; adult inclusion conjunctivitis.
sympathetic ophthalmia A rare, bilateral granulomatous inflammation of the uveal tract that usually follows perforation of one eye due to trauma, or more rarely intraocular surgery. The inflammation occurs first in the injured eye (called the exciting eye) and follows in the other eye (called the sympathetic eye). It usually occurs within 2 to 12 weeks, although some cases may appear later. The condition is believed to be a T-lymphocyte-mediated delayed hypersensitivity. Treatment usually involves enucleation of the exciting eye and high doses of systemic and topical corticosteroids in the sympathetic eye. Syn. sympathetic ophthalmitis. See enucleation; immunosuppressants; uveitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chan, "Sympathetic ophthalmia: to the twenty-first century and beyond," Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection, vol.
Human sympathetic ophthalmia: An analysis of the inflammatory infiltrate by hybridoma-monoclonal antibodies, immunochemistry, and correlative electron microscopy.
Conclusion: Upper respiratory tract infection, ophthalmia neonatorum, and diarrhea were found to be the most common morbidities associated with HIV-exposed formula-fed infants on ARV prophylaxis.
He lost his sight after contracting ophthalmia tending to poorly slaves on the ships he crewed.
(18) Historically, it has been used orally for coughs, conjunctivitis, earaches, epilepsy, headaches, hoarseness, inflammation, jaundice, ophthalmia, rhinitis, skin ailments, sore throat and cancer.
TrivarisTM (80 mg/mL, Allergan Inc., Irvine, CA) and Triesence (40mg/mL, Alcon Inc., Fort Worth, TX) are preservative-free brands of TA recently FDA approved for ophthalmic use in the treatment of sympathetic ophthalmia, temporal arteritis, uveitis, and other ocular inflammatory diseases, unresponsive to topical corticosteroids.
Penetrating injuries to the eye are treated with utmost urgency in an attempt to prevent infection and later enucleation and avoidance of sympathetic ophthalmia. Anyone with an eye injury due to blast deserves the same priority as someone with an amputation and catastrophic hemorrhage if circumstances permit.
The seeds are aromatic and useful in colics and ophthalmia [57].
In infants, MRSA infection also should be included in the differential diagnosis of ophthalmia neonatorum, Dr.
(46) The most common cause of neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum) is chlamydia (6.9 cases per 100,000 live births) and can result in a rapidly progressing, severe eye infection that is associated with pneumonia.
They are characterized by having a high percentage of both metallic and organic intraocular foreign bodies, greater contamination from occurring mostly in rural areas, delay in receiving medical care due to the time lag in transfers from remote sites of difficult access, the possibility of sympathetic ophthalmia, among many others.