operant behavior


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op·er·ant be·hav·ior

behavior the continuation of which and frequency is determined by its consequences for the doer; central element of behavioral conditioning theory. See: conditioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
Response elimination, reinforcement rate and resurgence of operant behavior.
They describe the history of the field, the experimental analysis of behavior, reflexive behavior and respondent conditioning, reinforcement and extinction of operant behavior, reinforcement, aversive control of behavior, operant-respondent relationships, stimulus control, choice and preference, conditioned reinforcement, correspondence relations (updated for this edition), and three levels of selection: biology, behavior, and culture.
Experiments with humans have shown that failure to display effective operant behavior over time leads to the extinction of entire operant classes of behavior.
The data began to provide an empirical foundation for Skinner's argument that language is learned behavior controlled by environmental contingencies, and that "expressive language" is actually comprised of different types of operant behavior.
This kind of behavior is called operant behavior in behavior analysis.
In short, human operant behavior tends to be relatively insensitive to changing contingencies relative to other animals (Ader and Tatum, 1961; Harzem, Lowe, and Bagshaw, 1978; Hayes, Brownstein, Zettle, Rosenfarb and Korn, 1986a; Leander, Lippman and Meyer, 1968; Lowe, Harzem and Hughes, 1978; Matthews, Shimoff, Catania, and Sagvolden, 1977; Shimoff, Catania and Matthews, 1981, Weiner, 1964, 1969).
Findings from the synthesis showed that response-contingent learning opportunities where the relationship between an operant behavior and its environmental consequences were clearly detectable increased the likelihood that the study participants displayed increased positive social--emotional behavior and decreased negative social--emotional responding.
Weiss and colleagues also used a schedule-controlled operant behavior regimen to test the effects of the same exposure to dioxin but at day 8 of gestation.
For example, a social operant behavior commonly observed in classrooms for students with emotional and behavioral disorders is related to student compliance (Figure 1).
Some effects of instructions on human operant behavior.
The purpose of this article is to argue that the same data and data language used to establish the concept that tension is reflexive or is a respondent can be reinterpreted to unequivocally demonstrate that muscular tension is an instrumental or operant behavior.