The overall framework of the text is the open systems model
, which stresses both structure and dynamic process.
Pace: There are a lot of small software companies making contributions to these bigger providers, which they could not do if we did not have this open systems model
. We want to fuel the competitive environment.
mechanistic approaches to organization work well only under conditions where machines work well ..." In contrast, the open systems model of management espouses values that include the uniqueness of each situation.
The process of setting reporting requirements also can interfere with organizational learning (a key value associated with the open systems model) when the control structure is emphasized over flexibility to adapt and learn in ever-changing contexts.
Open Systems Model: Dynamism and adaptability, entrepreneurship, innovation, or risk-taking; individual risk-taking, innovation, freedom, recognition of uniqueness of every situation; creating new challenges; exploration and learning.
(11) The articles in the November-December 2006 issue of Army Logistician spoke neither to an overall Army Materiel Command strategy nor to other management beliefs that might present a more balanced management philosophy that would include evidence of human relations model and open systems model values.
While vendors jumping on the S.100 bandwagon will clearly benefit from new marketing opportunities that result, the greatest beneficiaries of the open systems model
are end users.
Cisco, which shines a torch for the open systems model
pursued by Sun Microsystems Inc, decided it should follow this route rather than the type of lock-in solution the Lucent/Kenan combination will provide.
Similarly, Wright and Snell (1991) used an open systems model of the human resource system for generating HRM strategies.
Open systems models are based on the general systems models (von Bertalanffy, 1950), and hold that organizations can be described as input, throughput, output systems involved in transactions with a surrounding environment.