open reduction


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Related to open reduction: closed reduction

reduction

 [re-duk´shun]
1. a lessening or diminishing.
2. the correction of a fracture, dislocation, or hernia.
3. the addition of hydrogen to a substance, or more generally, the gain of electrons; the opposite of oxidation.
Reduction of a fractured bone. A gradual pull is exerted on the distal (lower) fragment of the bone until it is in alignment with the proximal fragment.
anxiety reduction in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as minimizing apprehension, dread, foreboding, or uneasiness related to an unidentified source of anticipated danger. See also anxiety.
bleeding reduction in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the limitation of loss of blood volume during an episode of bleeding.
bleeding reduction: antepartum uterus in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as limitation of the amount of blood loss from the pregnant uterus during the third trimester of pregnancy.
bleeding reduction: gastrointestinal in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as limitation of the amount of blood loss from the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract and related complications.
bleeding reduction: nasal in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the limitation of blood loss from the nasal cavity. See also epistaxis.
bleeding reduction: postpartum uterus in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the limitation of blood loss from the postpartum uterus.
bleeding reduction: wound in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the limitation of the blood loss from a wound that may be a result of trauma, incisions, or placement of a tube or catheter.
closed reduction the manipulative reduction of a fracture or dislocation without incision.
flatulence reduction in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the prevention of flatus formation and facilitation of the passage of excessive gas. See also flatulence.
open reduction reduction of a fracture or dislocation after incision into the fracture site.

open reduction

Orthopedics The reduction of a fracture by direct visualization after surgical exposure. Cf Closed reduction.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pelvic osteotomy was not done in these three patients as reduction was stable at the time of open reduction. Later after the removal of transfixation pins
Gordon, "Retrosternal displacement after physeal fracture of the medial clavicle in children treatment by open reduction and internal fixation," The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.
Patients underwent open reduction internal fixation with PHILOS plate for the fracture under general anaesthesia/block.
In Moreno14 there was no sensory nerve damage with open reduction (2mm miniplates).
The surgical treatments included open reduction, calcaneal osteotomy without subtalar fusion or a reconstruction of calcaneal thalamus and subtalar arthrodesis.30
The investigators advocated "exact reduction, if necessary by open reduction." (4) Lutz and coworkers in 2003 compared 15 patients treated with ORIF and 17 with CRPP with mean follow-up of 7 years, excluding patients with greater than 1 mm of step-off.
Indications for open reduction and internal fixation of mandibular condyle fracture are still controversial.
Another reason for these similar results is that majority of these studies including the present investigation, were conducted on patients where, open reduction and fixation were required for the treatment of these fractures6,17,18.
Failure of ankle open reduction internal fixation after acute fracture, regardless of patient comorbidities, can be a catastrophic finding for any orthopedic surgeon.
Open reduction and internal fixation with plating is considered one of the acceptable methods of treatment in Schatzker type V and type VI tibial plateau fractures.
(2,3) In recent years, open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with locked plates has become the treatment of choice in the treatment of proximal humerus fractures.