open kinetic chain

o·pen ki·net·ic chain

(ōpĕn ki-netik chān)
Physical activity in which the terminal end of a body segment is free; all joints can move independently.
References in periodicals archive ?
Biomechanics of the knee during closed kinetic chain and open kinetic chain exercises.
The use of therapeutic exercise in the reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament using open kinetic chain and closed kinetic chain
Comparison of closed and open kinetic chain exercise in the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee.
The entire lower extremity composes an open kinetic chain.
The first set of desk exercises or "Scissors" challenges the pelvic area in "an open kinetic chain setting" which progresses into a functional position.
However, these studies have addressed a lower limb moving in an open kinetic chain, typically involving the kicking leg.
Past studies that have examined lower extremity rotational velocities have measured the hip in an open kinetic chain movement (Kellis et al.
Over the past 10 years, isokinetics has become the exercise modality of choice for rehabilitating the lower extremity; however, a review of literature indicates that closed kinetic chain exercises have advantages over open kinetic chain exercises.
When the foot is not weight bearing but moving freely in the air, movement is in open kinetic chain.
In an open kinetic chain, pronation and supination are possible in the foot around the axis that lies along the center line of the foot.
13,14) However, if a medial meniscus injury has occurred without any damage to the ACL, introduction of open kinetic chain exercises takes precedence.
Analysis of the data suggests that open kinetic chain exercise (isokinetic training) did not lead to functional improvements on a closed kinetic chain activity (Rapid Step Test).