open chain


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

chain

 [chān]
a collection of objects linked together in linear fashion, or end to end, as the assemblage of atoms or radicals in a chemical compound, or an assemblage of individual bacterial cells.
branched chain an open chain of atoms, usually carbon, with one or more side chains attached to it.
closed chain several atoms linked together so as to form a ring, which may be saturated, as in cyclopentane, or aromatic, as in benzene.
H chain (heavy chain) any of the large polypeptide chains of five classes that, paired with the L or light chains, make up the antibody molecule of an immunoglobulin; heavy chains bear the antigenic determinants that differentiate the classes of immunoglobulins. See also heavy chain disease.
J chain a polypeptide occurring in polymeric IgM and IgA molecules.
L chain (light chain) either of the two small polypeptide chains (molecular weight 22,000) that, when linked to H or heavy chains by disulfide bonds, make up the antibody molecule of an immunoglobulin monomer; they are of two types, kappa and lambda, which are unrelated to immunoglobulin class differences.
open chain a series of atoms united in a straight line; components of this series are related to methane.
chain reaction a chemical reaction that is self-propagating; each time a free radical is destroyed a new one is formed.
side chain a group of atoms attached to a larger chain or to a ring.

open chain

Orthopedics adjective Referring to a series of musculoskeletal links that are free to move on each other but capable of combining to support the body; the chain is said to be open when the distal link is free to move and closed when it is fixed; in OC motion, the calcaneum supinates and pronates about the subtalar joint
References in periodicals archive ?
To synthesize rapamycin -- a 31-carbon ring structure -- the scientists first constructed an open chain of 29 carbons.
Major Japanese Retailer to Open Chain of Reminiscence Stores in Japan
Another surprising fact about KFC was that it was the first restaurant business to open chains outside of united states, greatly expanding its presence internationally.
Alan Tonelli, KoSa professor of Polymer Science, and Richard Kotek, assistant professor of textile engineering, chemistry and science, are working with aliphatic nylon, or nylon whose carbon atoms are jointed in straight or branded open chains, rather than in rings.