(63) Another condition, onychotillomania
(compulsive self-induced damage to nails) may also be a form of OCD.
The nail tic disorder that leads to various nail changes are onychophagia, onychotillomania
, onychotemnomania, onychoteiromania, onychodaknomania, bidet nails, perionychotillomania and habit-tic deformity.3 Some degree of nail picking or biting appears normal and many people do these at various times in their lives.
In a (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23756561) 2014 study , which interviewed 339 young adults, it was found that 46.9 percent of participants suffered from onychophagia and 0.9 percent had onychotillomania
, a compulsive neurosis in which a person picks constantly at the nails or tries to tear them off.
LISBON-Applying a fast-drying cyanoacrylate glue to the proximal nail fold once or twice weekly is an inexpensive and effective treatment for the habit-tic condition of onychotillomania
Cognitive-behavioral techniques that address dysfunctional cognitions (thought patterns) or behaviors (actions) can be useful for skin disorders with a significant psychosomatic or behavioral component, such as the picking component of acne excoriee, scratching in atopic dermatitis, habits such as lip licking or biting, hyperhidrosis, lichen simplex chronicus, neurotic excoriations, onychotillomania
, trichotillomania, and psychosomatic triggering or exacerbation of urticaria.
Other self-destructive psychodermatoses include factitious cheilitis (compulsive destruction of the lips), onychotillomania
(compulsive destruction of the nails), onychotillophagia (compulsive eating of the nails), trichotillomania (compulsive hair pulling), and trichotillophagia (compulsive hair eating).