(2011) Influence of previous experience on resistance training on reliability of one-repetition maximum
After the anthropometric assessment, the subjects performed the one-repetition maximum
test (1RM) on the bench press and leg extension exercises following the recommendations of Brown and Weir (5).
A first-degree velocity-load curve (6, 7) and a combination of second-degree force-velocity and load-velocity curves (8) have been used for predicting the one-repetition maximum
Compared with placebo, omega-3 fatty acids significantly increased mean thigh muscle volume by 3.6%, hand grip strength by 2.3 kg, and one-repetition maximum
lower- and upper-body strength by 4.0% (all p < 0.05).
Thigh muscle volume, handgrip strength, one-repetition maximum
upper and lower body strength, and average isokinetic muscle power were evaluated at the beginning of the study, at three months (with the exception of thigh muscle volume), and at the end of the treatment period.
Leg extension and bench press one-repetition maximum
(1-RM) strength for each subject before (Pre) and after (Post) the training program.
Strength was assessed via 3 one-repetition maximum
tests: leg press, leg curl, and leg extension.
This program resulted in significant increases in lower and upper body strength, as measured by a one-repetition maximum
(1RM--the maximum weight that can be lifted one time) test, and muscular endurance, as measured by a treadmill test.
Participants started out lifting 50% of their one-repetition maximum
. The load increased each week, until by week 4, they were lifting 80% of their baseline one-repetition maximum
* One favors one-repetition maximum
efforts, the other discourages them.
Box plots of percent change following moderate-load (ML), low-load blood flow restricted (BFR) and control (CON) group interventions in a) isometric torque, b) leg extension one-repetition maximum
(LE 1-RM) and c) knee extensor muscle volume.
Reliability of the one-repetition maximum
test based on muscle group and gender.