one-lung anesthesia

one-lung anesthesia

One-lung general anesthesia Anesthesiology
A technique used in thoracic surgery, in which a double-ballooned, double-lumened tube is passed into the trachea and the airflow to mainstem bronchi is blocked by either inflating a balloon or with a mechanical endobronchial 'blocker'; OLA is usually performed on the dependent–'down' lung, while the airflow to the 'up' lung is blocked to improve the ease of surgery Absolute indications Isolation of airflow–eg, in bronchopleural fistula, unilateral abscess or hemorrhage Complications Trauma resulting in edema, misplacement of tubes causing asphyxia, perforation resulting in bronchopleural fistula, V/Q mismatch resulting in ↓ O2, ↑ CO2
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Optimization of arterial oxygenation during one-lung anesthesia. Anasth Analg 1980;59(11):847-51.
New technique for one-lung anesthesia using an endobronchial blocker.