oncogenic viruses


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

oncogenic viruses

an epidemiological class of viruses that are acquired by close contact or injection and cause usually persistent infection. They may induce cell transformation and malignancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
A group led by Antoine Gessain, head of the Epidemiology and Physiopathology of Oncogenic Viruses Unit at the Pasteur Institute, also recently found a subtype of HTLV-3 in a human, but it's somewhat different from the subtype Switzer and his colleagues found, which suggests "another example of multiple independent, cross-species transmission events," Switzer says.
Coinfections with oncogenic viruses may predispose patients with HIV to develop certain cancers; human papillomavirus, for example, is associated with anal and head/neck cancers, and Epstein-Barr virus with Hodgkin's lymphoma.
He worked at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for 21 years, where he invented the zonal ultracentrifuge for subcellular fractionation and organized a joint National Institutes of Health and Atomic Energy Commission program to develop methods for the isolation of oncogenic viruses.
Analyses of cervicovaginal specimens from sexually active women have found that over 40% are positive for HPV-DNA, and up to 10% are positive for the oncogenic viruses (Bauer et al.