bodies, and dorsal pons (Liou et al.
The vestibulocochlear nerve as part of central projections passes through intermediate stations, the cochlear nuclei, superior olivary
complex, and inferior colliculus.
Zhang, "Synthesis and rheological investigation of a magnetic fluid using olivary
silica-coated iron particles as a precursor," Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol.
The primary function of ipRGCs is non-image-forming photoreception, for mediating the PLR via signaling to the pretectal olivary
nucleus  and for the signaling of environmental irradiation to entrain the central body clock to the solar day to maintain the circadian rhythm.
Non-image-forming visual system projects to the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), intergeniculate leaflet (IGL), the habenula, the pineal, and olivary
pretectal nucleus (OPT) and directly connects retinal ganglion cells with the pulvinar within posterior thalamic nuclei, via optic chiasm.
One of the hypotheses for the occurrence of tinnitus would be a dysfunction in the efferent auditory system, specifically in the medial superior olivary
complex (MSOC) region.
I wave originated from the peripheral portion of eighth cranial nerve adjacent to cochlea, II wave from cochlear nucleus, III wave from superior olivary
nucleus, IV wave from lateral lemniscus, and V wave from inferior colliculus.
Lesions can involve the substantia nigra, periaqueductal gray matter within the midbrain, inferior colliculus, inferior olivary
nuclei, inferior cerebellar peduncles, medulla, solitary tract in the medulla, central tegmental tract and reticular formation in the dorsal pons.
degeneration after pontine hemorrhage: A cause of delayed neurological deterioration.
(33) These cells project to the olivary
, pretectal, and suprachiasmatic nuclei and may be involved in detection of day length and in maintenance of the circadian rhythm.
(7,11) The third migratory pathway is formed by neurons destined to become the inferior olivary