ointment

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ointment

 [oint´ment]
a semisolid preparation for external application to the skin or mucous membranes. Official ointments consist of medicinal substances incorporated in suitable vehicles (bases). Called also salve and unguent.

oint·ment

(oynt'ment),
A semisolid preparation usually containing medicinal substances and intended for external application. Ointment bases used as vehicles fall into four general classes: 1) hydrocarbon bases (oleaginous ointment bases) keep medicaments in prolonged contact with the skin, act as occlusive dressings, and are used chiefly for emollient effects; 2) absorption bases either permit the incorporation of aqueous solutions with the formation of a water-in-oil emulsion or are water-in-oil emulsions that permit the incorporation of additional quantities of aqueous solutions; such bases permit better absorption of some medicaments and are useful as emollients; 3) water-removable bases (creams) are oil-in-water emulsions containing petrolatum, anhydrous lanolin, or waxes; they may be washed from the skin with water and are thus more acceptable for cosmetic reasons; they favor absorption of serous discharges in dermatologic conditions; and 4) water-soluble bases (greaseless ointment bases) contain only water-soluble substances.
See also: cerate.
Synonym(s): salve, uncture, unguent
[O. Fr. oignement; L. unguo, pp. unctus, to smear]

ointment

(oint′mənt)
n.
A highly viscous or semisolid substance used on the skin as a cosmetic, emollient, or medicament; a salve.

ointment

Chinese medicine
A general term for any of a number of therapeutic balms that are applied topically for various complaints; an ointment consists of a finely ground herbal powder in any of a number of oil bases, including almond oil, beeswax, lanolin, lard, petroleum jelly and sesame oil.

Herbal medicine
A mixture of herbs heated in cocoa butter, lanolin, oils or hardeners (e.g., beeswax) and applied externally—e.g., for bites, burns, cuts and haemorrhoids.

ointment

Mainstream medicine A medicated formulation with an oil base; in contrast, creams are water-soluble

oint·ment

(oynt'mĕnt)
A semisolid preparation usually containing medicinal substances and intended for external application.
Synonym(s): salve, unguent.
[O. Fr. oignement; L. unguo, pp. unctus, to smear]

ointment

A semisolid, viscous material consisting of one or more substances with medicinal properties thoroughly mixed with a suitable base. Ointment bases may be of hard paraffin, emulsions of oil in water (aqueous creams), vegetable oils, wool fat (lanolin) or other substances. Ointments are used on the skin and in the eyes.

Ointment

A thick, spreadable substance that contains medicine and is meant to be used on the skin, or, if it is specifically an ophthalmic, or "eye" ointment, in the eye

oint·ment

(oynt'mĕnt)
Semisolid preparation usually containing medicinal substances, intended for external application.
[O. Fr. oignement; L.unguo, pp. unctus, to smear]

Patient discussion about ointment

Q. the substitue ointment for lasonil

A. the active material in it is heparinoid, and if i'm not mistaken there are 2 other creams that uses it. just ask the pharmacist, he is the most qualified to help you.

More discussions about ointment
References in periodicals archive ?
Group A individuals were treated by cauterization with 75% silver nitrate followed by fucidic acid ointment. Group-B individuals were treated with topical vasoconstrictor spray (xylometazoline 0.05% twice a day for one week) along with fucidic acid ointment.
Thus, ACV-B was inferred to be not sticky and to spread easily when applied to human skin compared with the other ointments.
Keywords: Iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome, Nappy rash ointments, Self-medication.
For widespread drying of the skin preventative measures include bath oil substitutes, moisturizing ointments or oily creams, which should be applied two or three times a day.
The ointment contains three ingredients that are said to work together to soothe, treat and prevent diaper rash.
This time we are curing patients by putting chickpea ointment on their affected areas.
The second group, which had 34 patients, applied tacrolimus 0.1% ointment (Protopic, Astellas Pharma US Inc.) for 6 months, and the remaining 33 patients applied a placebo for 6 months.
Without any restrictions on the medical properties of ointments and cures, and together with the ease of manufacture of transfer printed pots on which the claims could be stated, the growth of the quack cure exploded.
You can use warm soaks; you can use ice baths; you can massage them with or without anti-inflammatory ointment. You may find relief with any of these strategies.
Ointments and antiseptics account for most first aid treatment sales, about $397 million, up 2.1% for the 52-week period.
Modern scientists experimenting with these ointments seemed to fly over vast distances accompanied by eerie creatures.
For patients who have undergone a canal-wall-intact procedure, we gently remove the antibiotic ointment, dried blood, and Gelfoam from the ear, provided that an atraumatic removal is possible.