ointment


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ointment

 [oint´ment]
a semisolid preparation for external application to the skin or mucous membranes. Official ointments consist of medicinal substances incorporated in suitable vehicles (bases). Called also salve and unguent.

oint·ment

(oynt'ment),
A semisolid preparation usually containing medicinal substances and intended for external application. Ointment bases used as vehicles fall into four general classes: 1) hydrocarbon bases (oleaginous ointment bases) keep medicaments in prolonged contact with the skin, act as occlusive dressings, and are used chiefly for emollient effects; 2) absorption bases either permit the incorporation of aqueous solutions with the formation of a water-in-oil emulsion or are water-in-oil emulsions that permit the incorporation of additional quantities of aqueous solutions; such bases permit better absorption of some medicaments and are useful as emollients; 3) water-removable bases (creams) are oil-in-water emulsions containing petrolatum, anhydrous lanolin, or waxes; they may be washed from the skin with water and are thus more acceptable for cosmetic reasons; they favor absorption of serous discharges in dermatologic conditions; and 4) water-soluble bases (greaseless ointment bases) contain only water-soluble substances.
See also: cerate.
Synonym(s): salve, uncture, unguent
[O. Fr. oignement; L. unguo, pp. unctus, to smear]

ointment

(oint′mənt)
n.
A highly viscous or semisolid substance used on the skin as a cosmetic, emollient, or medicament; a salve.

ointment

Chinese medicine
A general term for any of a number of therapeutic balms that are applied topically for various complaints; an ointment consists of a finely ground herbal powder in any of a number of oil bases, including almond oil, beeswax, lanolin, lard, petroleum jelly and sesame oil.

Herbal medicine
A mixture of herbs heated in cocoa butter, lanolin, oils or hardeners (e.g., beeswax) and applied externally—e.g., for bites, burns, cuts and haemorrhoids.

ointment

Mainstream medicine A medicated formulation with an oil base; in contrast, creams are water-soluble

oint·ment

(oynt'mĕnt)
A semisolid preparation usually containing medicinal substances and intended for external application.
Synonym(s): salve, unguent.
[O. Fr. oignement; L. unguo, pp. unctus, to smear]

ointment

A semisolid, viscous material consisting of one or more substances with medicinal properties thoroughly mixed with a suitable base. Ointment bases may be of hard paraffin, emulsions of oil in water (aqueous creams), vegetable oils, wool fat (lanolin) or other substances. Ointments are used on the skin and in the eyes.

Ointment

A thick, spreadable substance that contains medicine and is meant to be used on the skin, or, if it is specifically an ophthalmic, or "eye" ointment, in the eye

oint·ment

(oynt'mĕnt)
Semisolid preparation usually containing medicinal substances, intended for external application.
[O. Fr. oignement; L.unguo, pp. unctus, to smear]

Patient discussion about ointment

Q. the substitue ointment for lasonil

A. the active material in it is heparinoid, and if i'm not mistaken there are 2 other creams that uses it. just ask the pharmacist, he is the most qualified to help you.

More discussions about ointment
References in periodicals archive ?
Crisaborole ointment, 2%, is a novel, steroid-free, topical phosphodiesterase inhibitor.6 It is approved in the US and Canada as EUCRISA (crisaborole ointment, 2%) and Israel and Australia as Staquis (crisaborole ointment, 2%) for mild to moderate atopic dermatitis in patients two years of age and older.
Rani et al.10 found mometasone furoate ointment treatment to be safe and effective in chronic hand eczema which concurs with our study.
Conclusion: Chemical cauterization with silver nitrate along with fucidic acid ointment application was found to be more effective as compared to xylometazoline nasal spray and fucidic Acid ointment application in treating idiopathic pediatric epistaxis.
He asked the doctor for just a few more days so that he could try my ointment. He came back, and the doctor couldn't believe it," she said.
The amount of each ACV ointment was calculated using the following equation:
Ointment was prescribed by doctor in 5(27%) cases and self- prescribed (relative or neighbour) in 13(72%).
Overall, the trial reported greater efficacy and similar tolerability between the Cal/BD aerosol foam and ointment.
This study aimed to determine the effect of the antimicrobial ointment formulated from the tannin extract of Catharanthus roseus leaves on the infected wounds of Oryctolagus cuniculus.
GlaxoSmithKline, the manufacturer of the product which is used to treat eye infections caused by the herpes simplex virus, is recalling two batches of its ointment as a precaution.
Researchers evaluated the effectiveness of three MRSA prevention practices: routine care, providing germ-killing soap and ointment only to patients with MRSA, and providing germ-killing soap and ointment to all ICU patients.
“Callex Ointment is great for smoothing dry, cracked skin on your heels and feet,” says CEO, Carol J Buck.
They each received both the St John's wort ointment and a placebo, one applied to the right and the other to the left side of the patient's body randomly.