Wintergreen

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Chinese medicine Japanese wax privet, Ligustrum japonicum
Fringe medicine Wintergreen oil is believed to be useful by aromatherapists for the common cold, headaches, and chronic pain
Herbal medicine Gaultheria procumbens, boxberry, checkerberry, creeping wintergreen, mountain tea, partridgeberry, teaberry An evergreen shrub, up to 99% methyl salicylate by weight. It was traditionally used as an analgesic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, stimulant, and tonic. It has been used as a folk remedy against colic, headaches, body aches and pains, inflammations, rheumatism, sore throats, skin diseases, and tooth decay for muscle
Toxicity Because of its high concentration of methyl salicylate, wintergreen oil is too toxic for practical use and should not be ingested internally
Pharmacology The wintergreen now used as an artificial flavour in a vast array of products—from chewing gum, mints and candies to smokeless tobacco—comes from young twigs and bark of the sweet or black birch tree, Betula lenta of the Betulaceae family
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
His work established oil of wintergreen as a deadly poison.
(milliliters of methyl salicylate X 1.568) x molecular weight of aspirin*/molecular weight of methyl salicylate* = equivalent weight of aspirin in grams This patient ingested approximately 30 mL of oil of wintergreen; the aspirin equivalent using the formula listed above would be 55.7, or the equivalent of 171.4 adult aspirins.
A two-year-old girl was brought to the emergency department because she had taken "just a sip' of oil of wintergreen. She had vomited at home.
Don't be fooled by a child who acts normal after drinking the oil of wintergreen. He can become lethargic and die quickly.
You can prepare a poultice of yarrow by mixing ground-up yarrow tips in one-quarter cup hot water with a few teaspoons each of glycerin, boric acid, and oil of wintergreen. This results in a soft semi-liquid that, when applied to an infected area, tends to draw the infectious material from diseased tissues because of its absorptive properties.
The oil of wintergreen, which can be purchased from an herb or health food store, can provide relief for irritated teeth and gums.