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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Regardless of one's military status--whether taking annual leave or liberty, attending school, appearing at a social function, serving an internship, moon-lighting an after-hours job, shopping for groceries, or conducting combat actions against an enemy force--never off duty provides that disciplined methodology to our military lives.
While police officers are allowed to break the speed limit in certain situations, Rachel Burr, campaigns officer for the road safety charity Brake, said police officers can have no excuses for being caught speeding while on or off duty.
Despite the fact Jon was off duty his quick-thinking and application of his training helped save Alec's life.
In fact, law enforcement officers often lose their lives attempting to enforce the law while off duty.
First on the scene was an off duty paramedic who tried to save him by doing cardio pulmonary resuscitation.
As a result bus drivers had exceeded their driving hours limit and gone off duty.
Workers went on the picket lines when they were off duty, and mail service was not affected, union leaders said.
The most popular carry gun there, for off duty cops and armed citizens alike, is the 9mm auto with double stack magazines.
Deputy Probation Officer Chris Coseglia was off duty and standing outside his car at a Highland Park Burger King a month ago when members of a notorious gang recognized him, harassed him and punched him in the face.
Young was off duty and getting a sandwich when a disturbance broke out at the diner.
Fullerton said that while the union agrees serious misconduct should be punished, officers are giving up some of their privacy rights by being held to unreasonably high standards when they are off duty.
York, 26, and his fiancee, Deputy Jennifer Parrish, were off duty and unarmed in the De Cut hair salon in Buena Park on Thursday night when two gunmen burst through the door and told everyone to hand over money and valuables.