duty

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duty

Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.

negligence

Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252

duty

(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.
References in periodicals archive ?
Regardless of one's military status--whether taking annual leave or liberty, attending school, appearing at a social function, serving an internship, moon-lighting an after-hours job, shopping for groceries, or conducting combat actions against an enemy force--never off duty provides that disciplined methodology to our military lives.
While police officers are allowed to break the speed limit in certain situations, Rachel Burr, campaigns officer for the road safety charity Brake, said police officers can have no excuses for being caught speeding while on or off duty.
Despite the fact Jon was off duty his quick-thinking and application of his training helped save Alec's life.
In fact, law enforcement officers often lose their lives attempting to enforce the law while off duty.
First on the scene was an off duty paramedic who tried to save him by doing cardio pulmonary resuscitation.
As a result bus drivers had exceeded their driving hours limit and gone off duty.
The most popular carry gun there, for off duty cops and armed citizens alike, is the 9mm auto with double stack magazines.
Young was off duty and getting a sandwich when a disturbance broke out at the diner.