ocular hypertension

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Related to ocular hypertension: glaucoma, ocular migraine

ocular hypertension

a condition of intraocular pressure that is higher than normal but that has not resulted in a constricted visual field or increased cupping of the optic nerve head. See also glaucoma.

ocular hypertension

Increased intraocular pressure, typically exceeding 21 mm Hg. This condition, present in glaucoma, may predispose affected persons to optic nerve damage and visual field loss.
See also: hypertension

hypertension, ocular

A condition in which the intraocular pressure (IOP) is above normal (>21 mmHg) but in which there are neither visual field defects nor optic disc changes. Open-angle glaucoma may or may not develop later: risk factors include thin central corneal thickness, large cup/disc ratio, high IOP and lack of treatment to reduce IOP greater than 30 mmHg.


persistently high blood pressure. Detected sporadically in animals partly due to the technical difficulties in diagnosis and the lack of recognizable signs. Greyhounds normally have a higher blood pressure than is found in crossbred dogs with features resembling essential hypertension in humans. Secondary hypertension due to advanced renal disease, hyperthyroidism and hyperadrenocorticism does occur in dogs and cats. Temporary episodes of hypertension occur in all animals suffering severe pain, and in horses with acute laminitis.

endocrine hypertension
that occurring in association with diseases of the endocrine glands.
Goldblatt hypertension
see Goldblatt kidney.
inherited hypertension
see rat hypertension (below).
neurogenic hypertension
produced experimentally in laboratory animals by the imposition of surgical and psychological insults on the central nervous system.
ocular hypertension
persistently elevated intraocular pressure in the absence of any other signs of glaucoma; it may or may not progress to chronic simple glaucoma.
portal hypertension
abnormally increased pressure in the portal circulation caused by impedance of blood flow through a diseased liver or portal vein.
pulmonary hypertension
results from high-pressure blood flow from the right ventricle or impedance to blood flow through the lungs or through the left heart. Chronic hypertension causes endothelial degeneration and fibroplasia of vessel walls. The end result may be cor pulmonale or pulmonary edema. See also altitude sickness, cor pulmonale.
rat hypertension
several strains of spontaneously hypertensive rats have been bred.
renal hypertension
secondary hypertension.
systemic venous hypertension
elevation of systemic venous pressure, usually detected by inspection of the jugular veins.
References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation of efficacy of the fixed versus unfixed combination of latanoprost and timolol in patients of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension insufficiently controlled on timolol and latanoprost monotherapy.
A six-month randomized clinical trial comparing the intraocular pressure-lowering efficacy of bimatoprost and latanoprost in patients with ocular hypertension or glaucoma.
In all species studied to date, ocular hypertension is invariably caused by impaired aqueous humor outflow rather than by hypersecretion.
Thus, instituting treatment in all patients does not seem reasonable, taking into consideration the low incidence of conversion from ocular hypertension to frank open angle glaucoma, as well as cost, inconvenience, side effects and frequent noncompliance.
Hence, children of patients with hypertension have to keep a check on their BPs as well as IOP to prevent the complications of early onset ocular hypertension and thereby glaucoma.
Coverage of the Ocular Hypertension pipeline on the basis of route of administration and molecule type.
In a multicentered, randomized, investigator-masked parallel group comparison involving 232 patients with elevated IOP due to open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, the efficacy and safety of LUMIGAN(TM) ophthalmic solution 0.
The drug is OptiPranolol, a treatment for open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension.
The approved change to the PI will make it possible to prescribe RESCULA([R]) ophthalmic solution as a first-line therapeutic agent for open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, or to concomitantly administer it with other intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering agents.
Specifically, in a 10 to 0 vote, the committee agreed that the clinical trials support the efficacy of netarsudil ophthalmic solution for reducing elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
The product is intended for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension.
Alcon, the global leader in eye care and division of Novartis, announced that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has issued a positive opinion for SimbrinzaA eye drops suspension (brinzolamide 10 mg/mL and brimonidine tartrate 2 mg/mL) to decrease elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in adult patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, for whom monotherapy provides insufficient IOP reduction.