ocular decongestant

decongestant, ocular

A pharmaceutical agent used to reduce hyperaemia in the eye, usually by vasoconstriction. Decongestants are weak concentrations of sympathomimetic or alpha-adrenergic agonists. Examples: adrenaline (epinephrine); naphazoline hydrochloride; phenylephrine hydrochloride, tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride. A decongestant can also be used to differentiate between conjunctival and ciliary injection; if the instillation of a decongestant alleviates eye redness the injection is primarily conjunctival, otherwise the redness is of ciliary origin.
References in periodicals archive ?
As noted earlier, any 'red eye' with an inflammatory aetiology (including episcleritis) will likely respond in the short term to being kept adequately lubricated (to offset the effects of persistent lacrimation) and some comfort be realized with the judicious use of a topical ocular decongestant (eg, naphazoline eye drops).
Application of ocular decongestants, such as topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) or topical steroids, for brief periods to reduce inflammation and swelling usually achieves symptom control.
The dynamics have changed within the overall category as well in the past year, with general eye care (artificial tear solutions, ointments, gels, ocular decongestants, ocular supplements and other products) accounting for 47.8% of sales, up from 45.5% in 2002, a $22.2 million increase.
-- which makes lens care items, prescription drugs to treat diseases of the eye, and over-the-counter artificial tears and ocular decongestants -- recently rolled out Complete, a one-bottle solution for cleaning, rinsing, disinfecting and storing soft contact lenses.
B&L's Moisture Drops artificial tears are starting to take hold, he notes, adding that doctors are suggesting such moisturizers instead of ocular decongestants. Use of decongestants is limited to once every four hours and should not be prolonged, while artificial tears can be taken as needed to supplement natural lubricating agents.
Eyewashes and eye 'brighteners' are general sales list (GSL), with the latter being an alternative to pharmacy (P)-medicines containing topical ocular decongestants or a decongestant and antihistamine.
Astringent eyewashes and eye drops and topical ocular decongestants