ochratoxin A

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o·chra·tox·in A

ochratoxin produced by some species of Aspergillus and Penicillium that can contaminate cereal grains and feeds, primarily following improper storage; a potent carcinogen in rodents.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Ochratoxin A. Some Naturally Occurring Substances: Food Items and Constituents, Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines and Mycotoxins IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans.
2005: Ochratoxin A blood concentration in healthy subjects and bladder cancer cases from Pakistan.--Mycotoxin Research 21: 164-167.
Ochratoxin A: an overview on toxicity and carcinogenicity in animals and humans.
Chapter five has dealt with two contaminants namely aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in two major sections.
Ochratoxin A may be produced in grain harvested above 18% moisture content.
Maximum levels of ochratoxin A will be set for coffee, wine and grape juice following a vote by an panel of EU Member State experts to amend an existing EU Regulation.
The most important mycotoxins found in cereals include aflatoxins and ochratoxin A. The United Kingdom and other European countries are considering the need for establishing regulatory limits for ochratoxin A in food and for the use of appropriate sampling procedures.
And an often-fatal kidney disease known as Balkan endemic nephropathy, which affects people who live in rural areas of Bulgaria, Romania, and Yugoslavia, has been linked with ochratoxin A, a mycotoxin that can contaminate beans, grains, and some of the meat of pigs hat eat tainted grain.
The greatest risk from uncontrolled mould development for meat products is represented by ochratoxin A (OTA), a secondary fungal metabolite that has been rated as a group 2B carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer [2] and that in such matrices is mainly produced by Penicillium nordicum and Aspergillus ochraceus [3-5].
The present study was planned to evaluate the effects of dietary ochratoxin A (OTA) in the presence and absence of a toxin deactivator on the organ weights, humoral immune response of broiler birds vaccinated against Newcastle disease (ND), hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) and infectious bursal disease (IBD).