ochratoxin


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o·chra·tox·in

(ō-kră-toks'ins),
A mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus ochraceus growing on stored cereal grains. Affects poultry and other animals fed the grain.

o·chra·tox·in

(ō'kră-toks'in)
A mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus ochraceus growing on stored cereal grains. Affects poultry and other animals fed the grain.

ochratoxin, ochratoxin A

an isocoumarin derivative mycotoxin produced by the fungus Acpergillus spp. fungi. A nephrotoxin causing ochratoxicosis. Experimentally it has been shown to have teratogenic effects, especially in pigs, including eye malformation, hydrocephalus, short jaw, other skeletal and cardiac defects.
References in periodicals archive ?
The state health services have warned the public about a brand of raisins on the market that have been found to contain high levels of Ochratoxin A (OTA), a toxic fungal metabolite.
1 g,- Deoxynivalenol - less than 8 mg / kg- Ochratoxin A - below 0.
1], deoxynivalenol (DON), fumonisin, ochratoxin, T-2/HT-2, and zearalenone.
Everyone is also invited to visit Bioo Scientific's poster sessions, "Development of a Rapid Immunoassay to Determine Ochratoxin A in Oat Samples", "Improved Methods for Detecting Sulfite, a Prevalent Food Preservative", "Rapid, High-Throughput ELISA Assay for Amantadine Detection in Poultry Samples" and "Development of a Rapid Immunoassay to Determine Histamine in Fishmeal Samples".
Ochratoxin A is a type of toxicant that is produced by some types of fungi, which has been classified in human cancerous materials (Group B2) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).
These 102 carcinogens comprise a diverse set of chemicals and exposures, including components of automobile exhaust, gasoline, and air pollution (1,3-butadiene, benzene, PAHs, nitroPAHs), chemicals in food and drinking water [acrylamide, ochratoxin A, heterocyclic amines, styrene, 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX)], chemicals in consumer products and building materials (flame retardants, aromatic amines, perfluorinated compounds), pharmaceuticals, and endocrine disruptors as well as some chemicals with important occupational exposures [halogenated solvents, ethylene oxide (EtO)].
The focus of this article will be on aflatoxin, ochratoxin A, and trichothecene, given that these can be readily measured via laboratory testing performed on a urine sample, providing a useful tool for practitioners working with patients with mold-associated illnesses.
The barley, which is attacked by ochratoxin, which appears in the flooded fields, is in the same situation.
Simeon CM, Ifedapo SA, Afeez TM, Uzochukwu JO, Abel SJ, Zakari U and DA Salihu Natural occurrence of ochratoxin A in some marketed Nigerian foods.
Out of more than 300 currently described mycotoxins, ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most toxic and abundant.