occupational therapist


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occupational

 [ok″u-pa´shun-al]
1. pertaining to a vocation or source of livelihood.
2. pertaining to the skills a person needs to live independently and carry on a desired lifestyle; see also occupational performance areas.
occupational diseases diseases caused by any of various factors involved in a person's occupation; there are many types. Dusts are a common cause; fine particles of silica can lead to silicosis among miners, glassworkers, and persons involved in the manufacture of cement and similar materials. Another cause is toxic gases and vapors, which can result in respiratory disorders and may also involve the blood and other body systems. Many different substances are toxic, including some usually considered therapeutic when in sufficient doses. Certain kinds of chemicals can affect the skin, causing some forms of dermatitis. Working conditions, such as high temperatures or humidity, excessive noise, changes in air pressure, or continuous exposure to sun and wind, can cause varied disorders such as heat exhaustion, impaired hearing or vision, decompression sickness, or skin conditions.

Control and prevention of occupational diseases is very much a major concern of the individual worker, management, the community health service, and the state and federal governments. It involves education on how to protect oneself against occupational hazards; management's cooperation in supplying proper equipment and conditions; inspection and testing services performed by the government; the existence of adequate medical and first-aid services at the location of the work; adequate hospitalization facilities, insurance and compensation; and research into methods to provide safety and good health.
occupational therapist a health care professional who provides services designed to restore self-care, work, and leisure skills to patients/clients who have specific performance incapacities or deficits that reduce their abilities to cope with the tasks of everyday living. The occupational therapist evaluates and treats problems arising from developmental deficits, physical illness or injury, emotional disorders, the aging process, and psychological or social disability. Graduates of an accredited degree program who have completed field work requirements and are eligible for the certification examination given by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT).
occupational therapy the use of purposeful activity to help individuals acquire the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the performance of life tasks. It is defined by the American Occupational Therapy Association as “the art and science of directing man's participation in selected tasks to restore, reinforce, and enhance performance, facilitate learning of those skills and functions essential for adaptation and productivity, diminish or correct pathology, and promote and maintain health. Its fundamental concern is the development and maintenance of the capacity, throughout the life span, to perform with satisfaction to self and others those tasks and roles essential to productive living and to the mastery of self and environment.”

The broad concerns of occupational therapy include all factors that facilitate the development of adaptive skills and increase performance capacity, and also those factors that may impede or restrict an individual's ability to function. In addition to those persons recovering from physical injury or illness, occupational therapy serves others who because of age, poverty, cultural differences, or psychologic and social disability, have difficulty coping with the tasks of living. The reference to occupation in the title is to be understood in the context of goal-directed use of time, energy, interest, and attention.

As is true of all types of therapeutic measures, the skills that are taught and the tasks prescribed for the client take into account his individual needs, abilities, and interests. This implies a thorough evaluation of his physical, mental, and emotional status and an acceptance of him as a person. In consultation with other members of the health care team, the occupational therapist designs a program of therapy that will lead to the goal of a productive life and satisfactory adjustment on the part of the patient. The address of the American Occupational Therapy Association is 4720 Montgomery Lane, P.O. Box 31220, Bethesda, MD 20824-1220.
occupational therapy assistant a health care professional who works under the supervision of an occupational therapist in planning and implementing programs to restore the self-care, work, and leisure skills of clients/patients. Those certified by the American Occupational Therapy Association are designated Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant (COTA).
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

occupational therapist

A person trained to help people manage daily activities of living–dressing, cooking, etc, and other activities that promote recovery and regaining vocational skills Salary $51K + 4% bonus. See ADL.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

oc·cu·pa·tion·al ther·a·pist

(ok'yū-pā'shŭn-ăl thār'ă-pist)
A degree conferred on completion of a 2-year professional course pursued by the holder of a B.A. or B.Sc. degree. Practitioners use their skills to help patients regain or continue living a normal life after illness or injury.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

occupational therapist

A person engaged in OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Involvement in research and development projects among community-working occupational therapists in Norway.
Eligible participants in this survey were occupational therapists employed in primary care by the Region Vastra Gotaland and currently practicing occupational therapy (n = 193).
In this study, the authors (an occupational therapist and a public health nurse who is familiar with occupational therapists and their work) analyzed the data in two phases.
Ethical practice is a site of tension for occupational therapists due to the constant balancing between being an ethical individual and an ethical practitioner.
There is growing support in the literature regarding the cost-effectiveness of the occupational therapist as a member of the interprofessional PC team and in the treatment of chronic illnesses (Metzler et al., 2012; Rexe, Lammi, & Zweck, 2013).
The role of the occupational therapist in CSC operations.
Davie, FL, April 26, 2014 --(PR.com)-- CardioFlex's occupational therapists can now travel to patient's homes located in Broward, Dade, and Palm Beach Counties, when it's not convenient for patients to travel to the out-patient Davie facility.
Williams, an occupational therapist who has worked as a freelance music facilitator and music teacher in the UK, shows therapists how to apply the social model approach to work with people with learning disabilities who want to participate in making music.
To become an occupational therapist, you will need to have a creative and adaptable approach to work, the ability to design and develop individual treatment programmes and the ability to form good working relationships with a wide variety of people, as well as patience, determination and a positive attitude.
"Any pain or loss of function in a hand, arm or shoulder can devastate a person's life," said Smith, who has worked for 12 years as an occupational therapist and for seven years as a certified hand therapist at Baystate Mary Lane Hospital.
An occupational therapist at the Hamad Medical Corporation Al Festok has become the first Qatari man and the second national to pass the US-based National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (Nbcot) examination.
Nicci O'Neill, occupational therapist from the stroke unit, said: "From a clinical point of view, this scheme is excellent for patients.

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