occupational therapist


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

occupational

 [ok″u-pa´shun-al]
1. pertaining to a vocation or source of livelihood.
2. pertaining to the skills a person needs to live independently and carry on a desired lifestyle; see also occupational performance areas.
occupational diseases diseases caused by any of various factors involved in a person's occupation; there are many types. Dusts are a common cause; fine particles of silica can lead to silicosis among miners, glassworkers, and persons involved in the manufacture of cement and similar materials. Another cause is toxic gases and vapors, which can result in respiratory disorders and may also involve the blood and other body systems. Many different substances are toxic, including some usually considered therapeutic when in sufficient doses. Certain kinds of chemicals can affect the skin, causing some forms of dermatitis. Working conditions, such as high temperatures or humidity, excessive noise, changes in air pressure, or continuous exposure to sun and wind, can cause varied disorders such as heat exhaustion, impaired hearing or vision, decompression sickness, or skin conditions.

Control and prevention of occupational diseases is very much a major concern of the individual worker, management, the community health service, and the state and federal governments. It involves education on how to protect oneself against occupational hazards; management's cooperation in supplying proper equipment and conditions; inspection and testing services performed by the government; the existence of adequate medical and first-aid services at the location of the work; adequate hospitalization facilities, insurance and compensation; and research into methods to provide safety and good health.
occupational therapist a health care professional who provides services designed to restore self-care, work, and leisure skills to patients/clients who have specific performance incapacities or deficits that reduce their abilities to cope with the tasks of everyday living. The occupational therapist evaluates and treats problems arising from developmental deficits, physical illness or injury, emotional disorders, the aging process, and psychological or social disability. Graduates of an accredited degree program who have completed field work requirements and are eligible for the certification examination given by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT).
occupational therapy the use of purposeful activity to help individuals acquire the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the performance of life tasks. It is defined by the American Occupational Therapy Association as “the art and science of directing man's participation in selected tasks to restore, reinforce, and enhance performance, facilitate learning of those skills and functions essential for adaptation and productivity, diminish or correct pathology, and promote and maintain health. Its fundamental concern is the development and maintenance of the capacity, throughout the life span, to perform with satisfaction to self and others those tasks and roles essential to productive living and to the mastery of self and environment.”

The broad concerns of occupational therapy include all factors that facilitate the development of adaptive skills and increase performance capacity, and also those factors that may impede or restrict an individual's ability to function. In addition to those persons recovering from physical injury or illness, occupational therapy serves others who because of age, poverty, cultural differences, or psychologic and social disability, have difficulty coping with the tasks of living. The reference to occupation in the title is to be understood in the context of goal-directed use of time, energy, interest, and attention.

As is true of all types of therapeutic measures, the skills that are taught and the tasks prescribed for the client take into account his individual needs, abilities, and interests. This implies a thorough evaluation of his physical, mental, and emotional status and an acceptance of him as a person. In consultation with other members of the health care team, the occupational therapist designs a program of therapy that will lead to the goal of a productive life and satisfactory adjustment on the part of the patient. The address of the American Occupational Therapy Association is 4720 Montgomery Lane, P.O. Box 31220, Bethesda, MD 20824-1220.
occupational therapy assistant a health care professional who works under the supervision of an occupational therapist in planning and implementing programs to restore the self-care, work, and leisure skills of clients/patients. Those certified by the American Occupational Therapy Association are designated Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant (COTA).

occupational therapist (OT)

an allied health professional who is nationally certified to practice occupational therapy. The OT uses purposeful activity and interventions to maximize the independence and health of any client who is limited by physical injury or illness, cognitive impairment, psychosocial dysfunction, mental illness, or a developmental or learning disability. Services include the assessment, treatment, and education of the client or family; interventions directed toward developing daily living skills, work readiness, or work performance; and facilitation of the development of sensory-motor, perceptual, or neuromuscular functioning or range of motion.

occupational therapist

A person trained to help people manage daily activities of living–dressing, cooking, etc, and other activities that promote recovery and regaining vocational skills Salary $51K + 4% bonus. See ADL.

oc·cu·pa·tion·al ther·a·pist

(ok'yū-pā'shŭn-ăl thār'ă-pist)
A degree conferred on completion of a 2-year professional course pursued by the holder of a B.A. or B.Sc. degree. Practitioners use their skills to help patients regain or continue living a normal life after illness or injury.

occupational therapist

A person engaged in OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY.
References in periodicals archive ?
An occupational therapist in PC practice does not negate the need for referrals to specialized OT services, such as neurological rehabilitation, certified hand therapy, and developmental rehabilitation, when patients need more involved clinical care than can be provided in the PC setting.
Having in mind this context, it is necessary the attention of professionals that dedicate themselves to rehabilitation, as physiotherapists, speech therapists and occupational therapists so that is provided an increase in the quality of life, as well as the whole development and the social insertion of these subjects.
Occupational therapists have training and expertise that can provide valuable contributions to integrated primary care teams.
Occupational therapists perform multiple functions in the combat or garrison environments.
These specialists are a part of an exceptional group of Occupational Therapists and Physical Therapists who have a minimum of five years of clinical experience, including at least 4,000 hours of direct practice in hand therapy.
The Nbcot examination is based on a comprehensive practice analysis that determines critical knowledge, skills and abilities of occupational therapists.
People are often unaware of the compatibility among doctors, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists, equipment specialists, and occupational therapists.
Having been given a 12-month ban, a review panel decided yesterday to erase her name from the register after hearing that she had told officials she no longer wished to practice as an occupational therapist.
Afraid he couldn't handle the rigor of an eight-hour workday, he took a part-time job as an occupational therapist at Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center in Burbank, where he helps those struggling - as he did - to again learn to walk, read and dress.
But, Susan Forwell, PhD, an occupational therapist with the School of Rehabilitation Sciences at the University of British Columbia in Canada, echoes most experts when she says the causes of fatigue in MS are poorly understood.
When she was 15, her father was involved in an accident and needed the help of an occupational therapist to help him get back to work.

Full browser ?