occupational diseases


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Related to occupational diseases: Occupational health, occupational hazards

occupational

 [ok″u-pa´shun-al]
1. pertaining to a vocation or source of livelihood.
2. pertaining to the skills a person needs to live independently and carry on a desired lifestyle; see also occupational performance areas.
occupational diseases diseases caused by any of various factors involved in a person's occupation; there are many types. Dusts are a common cause; fine particles of silica can lead to silicosis among miners, glassworkers, and persons involved in the manufacture of cement and similar materials. Another cause is toxic gases and vapors, which can result in respiratory disorders and may also involve the blood and other body systems. Many different substances are toxic, including some usually considered therapeutic when in sufficient doses. Certain kinds of chemicals can affect the skin, causing some forms of dermatitis. Working conditions, such as high temperatures or humidity, excessive noise, changes in air pressure, or continuous exposure to sun and wind, can cause varied disorders such as heat exhaustion, impaired hearing or vision, decompression sickness, or skin conditions.

Control and prevention of occupational diseases is very much a major concern of the individual worker, management, the community health service, and the state and federal governments. It involves education on how to protect oneself against occupational hazards; management's cooperation in supplying proper equipment and conditions; inspection and testing services performed by the government; the existence of adequate medical and first-aid services at the location of the work; adequate hospitalization facilities, insurance and compensation; and research into methods to provide safety and good health.
occupational therapist a health care professional who provides services designed to restore self-care, work, and leisure skills to patients/clients who have specific performance incapacities or deficits that reduce their abilities to cope with the tasks of everyday living. The occupational therapist evaluates and treats problems arising from developmental deficits, physical illness or injury, emotional disorders, the aging process, and psychological or social disability. Graduates of an accredited degree program who have completed field work requirements and are eligible for the certification examination given by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT).
occupational therapy the use of purposeful activity to help individuals acquire the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for the performance of life tasks. It is defined by the American Occupational Therapy Association as “the art and science of directing man's participation in selected tasks to restore, reinforce, and enhance performance, facilitate learning of those skills and functions essential for adaptation and productivity, diminish or correct pathology, and promote and maintain health. Its fundamental concern is the development and maintenance of the capacity, throughout the life span, to perform with satisfaction to self and others those tasks and roles essential to productive living and to the mastery of self and environment.”

The broad concerns of occupational therapy include all factors that facilitate the development of adaptive skills and increase performance capacity, and also those factors that may impede or restrict an individual's ability to function. In addition to those persons recovering from physical injury or illness, occupational therapy serves others who because of age, poverty, cultural differences, or psychologic and social disability, have difficulty coping with the tasks of living. The reference to occupation in the title is to be understood in the context of goal-directed use of time, energy, interest, and attention.

As is true of all types of therapeutic measures, the skills that are taught and the tasks prescribed for the client take into account his individual needs, abilities, and interests. This implies a thorough evaluation of his physical, mental, and emotional status and an acceptance of him as a person. In consultation with other members of the health care team, the occupational therapist designs a program of therapy that will lead to the goal of a productive life and satisfactory adjustment on the part of the patient. The address of the American Occupational Therapy Association is 4720 Montgomery Lane, P.O. Box 31220, Bethesda, MD 20824-1220.
occupational therapy assistant a health care professional who works under the supervision of an occupational therapist in planning and implementing programs to restore the self-care, work, and leisure skills of clients/patients. Those certified by the American Occupational Therapy Association are designated Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant (COTA).
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

occupational diseases

Diseases resulting from the effects of work. Occupational diseases are those caused by exposure to toxic, irritating or cancer-inducing substances, or to unusual physical conditions of heat, cold, noise, vibration, atmospheric or gas pressure or radiation of any kind. Certain occupational diseases are NOTIFIABLE by law.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Occupational Disease subspecialty program has been available in five medical faculties for the last years.
In this study, it was aimed to standardize, evaluate, interpret and plot work accidents, occupational diseases and mortality rates with statistical data of number of work places and number of insured workers in 2010-2015.
Thank you very much for the opportunity to respond to the second letter to the Editor [1] concerning our paper "Histological findings and lung dust analysis as the basis for occupational disease compensation in asbestos-related lung cancer in Germany" [2].
The PSA said call-center activities, considered to be part of administrative and support service activities, exceeded all other subsectors in the administrative and support services industry on the number of cases of occupational diseases at 31,270 in 2015.
As per the plan, the most prominent initiatives executed during the year included streamlining invoicing, intro- ducing new reporting mechanisms for work-related injuries and occupational diseases, and digitalising nine other services.
The number of occupational diseases recorded in 2016 reached 1,583 against 1,499 cases in 2015, according to the report.
The oil and gas and construction sectors are among the most prone to occupational diseases, where one can develop physical and mental diseases due to harsh working conditions and heavy lifting.
Once the certification procedure is completed, every case of occupational disease is forwarded on a special form by the local sanitary inspector to the Central Register of Occupational Diseases located in the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz (Poland) where it is registered.
The starting point for optimizing the prevention of occupational accidents and occupational diseases in a system is represented by the risk assessment of that system.
In Pakistan occupational diseases laws for heavy, hi-tech industries and even for small scale industries have neither been updated nor replaced.
The Occupational Hazards Branch of the Social Insurance Scheme covers work injuries and occupational diseases, and provides medical care and daily allowances for injured contributors." Currently, the number of contributors in employment exceeded 8,683,000; while the number of establishments covered under the Scheme exceeded 413,000 --SPA 13:16 LOCAL TIME
The government has agreed to allow 17 new occupational diseases to be covered under Egypt's social health insurance law 79 passed in 1975.

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