The primary motivation of our research is to examine several questions on the use of the construct of occupational adaptation through a scoping review of literature.
We conducted a scoping study to explore existing literature on occupational adaptation.
How is the construct of occupational adaptation defined and applied in different areas of occupational therapy practice?
What are potential gaps in the literature on the application and use of occupational adaptation as a construct?
To code the different definitions of occupational adaptation used in the studies, we identified relevant literature influences cited in the studies.
Our initial search yielded 631 articles using the keywords adaptation, occupational adaptation, and occupational therapy.
We included studies that were published in peer-reviewed journals and chose only the studies that defined occupational adaptation as a process or result of the transaction of the person and environment during participation in occupations.
We charted the data by entering the following in a codebook: (a) authors, publication year, study title; (b) study design; (c) description of occupational adaptation used; (d) study participants; and e) description of occupational therapy-related processes (assessment, instrumentation, outcome measures, lived experience/development of occupational profiles, and others such as program development/curricular development).
We performed thematic analysis by first coding the studies with detailed notes on how occupational adaptation was used as a construct.
Publications related to the OA model (Schkade & Schultz, 1992) were the most commonly cited literature to define occupational adaptation (74 times from 4 different publications).
Applications and definitions of occupational adaptation in occupational therapy practice.