In 20% of the skulls, the occipital condyle
protruded significantly into the foramen magnum.
An occipital condyle
fracture (OCF) was once a relatively rare traumatic injury, but is now increasingly diagnosed because of the wide availability of computed tomography [1, 2].
Provided that a patient has a long-standing FHP, as the cranium attempts to rotate in a forward direction (downward) and the occipital condyles
backward, the patient will have a suboccipital pain due to the limited ability of the occipital condyles
(joint capsule, musculature, connective tissue, etc.).
The aim of the present study is to assess the use of the foramen magnum as well as the occipital condyles
for sex determination on adults by developing discriminant functions for a modern Greek population.
In a study of jugular foramen, it was found that the right jugular foramen was divided into two compartments by the intrajugular process; the anterior and the posterior part, same as in present study11.In a research on dried skulls and cadavers, osteophytes on the articular surfaces of the median atlanto-axial joint (n = 63), third occipital condyles
(n = 3) and the free ossicles (n = 22) were found.12 It was observed in a case of pediatric Bow Hunter's stroke which resulted from a nearly complete occlusion of the vertebral artery of right sidedue to an abnormal spur arising from the right occipital condyle
.13 This finding is similar to the present study where a spur originates from right occipital condyle
The occipital condyles
were examined carefully for the condylar foramina and considered complete foramina as variation for the present study.
The width between lateral borders of the occipital condyles
(ICW) was 4.6 [+ or -] 0.32 cm in Markhoz goat, while it was reported to be 4.09 cm and 4.0 cm in West African Dwarf goat  and Red Sokoto goat , respectively.
He and his colleagues found more evidence to back up their grisly theory by examining the Triceratops ball-socket head-neck joint - known as the occipital condyles
- where they also found bite marks which could have only been made if the dinosaur was decapitated.
It involves the therapist using fingers to apply pressure in the hollow of the occipital condyles
and spinous processes of the axis.
(1) Remote infections anywhere in the body may seed the cervical spine or occipital condyles
. Other important risk factors for upper cervical osteomyelitis include intravenous drug abuse, diabetes mellitus, dental infections, human immunodeficiency virus infection with immunosuppression, alcoholism, liver disease, renal insufficiency, and heart disease.
The paired occipital condyles
are lateral to the foramen magnum and articulate with the atlas.