occipital artery


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oc·cip·i·tal ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, external carotid; branches, sternocleidomastoid, meningeal, auricular, occipital, mastoid, and descending.
Synonym(s): arteria occipitalis [TA]

occipital artery

one of a pair of tortuous branches from the external carotid arteries that divides into six branches and supplies parts of the head and scalp. Each terminal part at the vertex of the skull is accompanied by the greater occipital nerve.

oc·cip·i·tal ar·te·ry

(ok-sip'i-tăl ahr'tĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, external carotid; branches, sternocleidomastoid, meningeal, auricular, occipital, mastoid, and descending.
Synonym(s): arteria occipitalis [TA] .

occipital artery

An end branch of the external carotid artery; it runs up the back of the scalp and supplies blood to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the meninges, and the scalp. Its branches include the sternocleidomastoid, meningeal, auricular, and mastoid arteries.
See also: artery
References in periodicals archive ?
One thin vessel ramified from the occipital artery and one branch from cranial thyroid artery in rat (Santer and Owen, 1986; Mikusek et al.
The medial meningeal artery which was contributed to ganglion supplying in two roe deer was ramified from the internal carotid artery in one roe deer and from the occipital artery as reported by Nickel et al.
Although the true incidence of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the occipital artery is unknown, it is obvious that they are rare.
The final radiological diagnosis of post traumatic pseudoaneurysm arising from the left occipital artery with small area of thrombosis was made.
The ligated left occipital artery was also well visualized (Figures 9 and 10).
DISCUSSION: Given the continual improvements in medical imaging and diagnosis, which have increased the detection of all manner of diseases and conditions, pseudoaneurysms of the occipital artery remain extremely rare.