If it were the case that obstruent
+ fricative sequences were universally less marked than obstruent
+ stop sequences, then we could have an explanation for the selection of [a:rdsag[?
In the tableaux below, IDENT-[son]IO is top-ranked, meaning that obstruents
cannot be affected by nasal harmony.
In this way we bring together vowel length alternations, obstruent
suppression and degemination.
Although the names for raspberry beginning with b in South Karelian are restricted to Ontarvi and in Lude to Kuuj5rvi, berry names beginning with a voiced obstruent
show that voicing of initial stops is older than any Latvian and Russian influences.
voiceless postnasal singleton /p/ allowed obstruents
allowed Sino-Japanese (SJ) no yes Mimetic (M) yes no
7 Livonian gradation is restricted to words, which originally had in their stem-initial syllable a short vowel or a short polyphthong ending in i or u, and it takes into account the quality of stem vowels and the inherent sonority of resonant consonants and voiced obstruents
Dominican Spanish does not normally allow coda obstruents
(Jimenez Sabater 1975; Pineros 2003).
2 When the data for initial back obstruents
in [section]5 are summarized, three distinct patterns emerge; these occur in all environments.
Consonant clusters and obstruents
are more likely to be found in initial position than in final position.
In point of fact, voice imposes a very neat organization on the system of English obstruents
, the most prototypical class of consonants.
sonorants are voiced while obstruents
are voiceless, with the further condition that single lax obstruents
become sonorants (and hence voiced) intervocalically.
The stem-final obstruents
were word-final in these forms, and all word-final obstruents
in Dutch are realized as voiceless (a phenomenon often referred to as "final devoicing").