obstruent


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obstruent

 [ob´stroo-ent]
1. causing obstruction or blocking.
2. an agent that so acts.

ob·stru·ent

(ob'strū-ĕnt),
1. Rarely used term for obstructing or clogging.
2. Rarely used term for an agent that obstructs or prevents a normal discharge, especially a discharge from the bowels.
[L. obstruo, to build against, obstruct]

obstruent

(ŏb′stro͞o-ənt)
adj.
Obstructing or closing natural openings or passages of the body.
n.
1. An obstruent medicine or agent.
2. Linguistics A sound, such as a stop, fricative, or affricate, that is produced with complete blockage or at least partial constriction of the airflow through the nose or mouth.
References in periodicals archive ?
This includes a number of initials that are not found in Mandarin, the most notable of which are a set of initials that reflect Middle Chinese voiced obstruents. The ratified version of the zhuyin zimu eliminated all initials not found in Mandarin dialects.
Thus "This shows that the only `real' branching onsets are those consisting of an obstruent (excluding Is/ followed by a liquid)" (p.16).
For example, the t/d alternation found in German [ra:t/ra:des] 'wheel nom./ gen.' is ascribed to a constraint hierarchy forbidding voiced obstruents in coda position but allowing them to surface faithfully in onset position.
One widespread sound change, however, that does not seem to follow any commonly found pattern is the backing of postnuclear, labial obstruents (pepsi > peksi).
(22.) For example, nasal consonants typically assimilate to the place of articulation of a following obstruent. In words such as link [l[??]nk], imp [imp], and sent [sent], the assimilated nasals would be assigned, unproblematically, to the phonemes /[??]/, /m/, and /n/, respectively.
For the obstruent class (fricatives and stops) and sonorants (nasals and liquids), the acoustic cues that define voicing (in the case of obstruents) and the manner of articulation (in the case of sonorants) are more perceptually salient than the cues of the place of articulation.
That is, the adapters just used the sign for the foreign initial voiced dental obstruent for the native one.
des decharges publiques obstruent le passage aux pietons qui contournent ces amas nauseabonds deja visites par chats de gouttiere, chiens errants et autres rongeurs et dans lesquels fouinent des personnes a la recherche d'un reste encore solvable.
NenT ja?ma- has a cluster -?m which points to an original obstruent (*t, *k, *c or *s) preceding the nasal, which makes the comparison to any of the other verbs impossible.
Hormis ce defi de l'ecole, deux autres gageures obstruent le triomphe de cette bataille acharnee, notamment la retention scolaire et la qualite.
Le groupe ministeriel pour le tourisme, cree sur ordre du Premier ministre, Dr Hecham Qandil, a tenu sa premiere reunion, sous la presidence du ministre du Tourisme Hecham Zzou, afin de fixer des programmes et des plans pour reanimer le tourisme en Egypte et regler les problemes qui obstruent le secteur touristique.