obstructive uropathy


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ob·struc·tive u·rop·a·thy

any pathologic condition, anatomic or functional, of the urinary tract caused by obstruction.

obstructive uropathy

any pathological condition that blocks the flow of urine. Causes of the condition include prostate enlargement, renal calculi, and congenital stenosis. The condition may lead to impairment of kidney function and an increased risk of urinary infection.

chronic bilateral obstructive uropathy

A disorder characterised by prolonged and/or progressive blockage of urine flow from both kidneys due to urethral obstruction.
 
Clinical findings
Irritability, urgency, bladder incontinence, urine stasis, UTIs and urine reflux into ureters and kidney, leading to pyelonephritis and hydronephrosis; CBOU leads to hypertension and/or renal failure.
 
Aetiology
Bladder tumours; tumours or other structures of the bladder neck or urethra; kidney and/or bladder stones. The most common cause in men is benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostate cancer; in women, cystocele.

obstructive uropathy

Chronic bilateral obstructive uropathy, chronic urethral obstruction Urology A condition caused by urine blockage, resulting in ↑ pressure in renal pelvis and ureters which, with time, leads to HTN, renal failure Etiology Common in ♂–BPH, less common in ♀–due to cystocele; other causes include tumors of the prostate, bladder, ureter Clinical Urinary frequency, spasms, incontinence, later, UTIs and renal failure. See Acute bilateral obstructive uropathy, Acute unilateral obstructive uropathy.

ob·struc·tive u·rop·a·thy

(ŏb-strŭk'tiv yūr-op'ă-thē)
Any pathologic condition, anatomic or functional, of the urinary tract caused by obstruction.

obstructive

having the characteristic of obstruction.

obstructive colic
see equine colic.
obstructive constipation
constipation of sufficient severity as to obstruct the rectum.
obstructive pulmonary disease
see chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
obstructive shock
circulatory failure caused by physical obstruction, e.g. cardiac tamponade or pulmonary embolism.
obstructive urolithiasis
see ureteral, urethral obstruction.
obstructive uropathy
any obstructive disease of the urinary tract.
References in periodicals archive ?
As the authors discuss, type 1 PHA can be primary, due to mutations in the gene encoding the mineralocorticoid receptor (autosomal dominant) or in the genes encoding the epithelial sodium channel (autosomal recessive), or it can occur secondary to urologic problems such as obstructive uropathy or pyelonephritis.
Late sequelae such as cirrhosis, portal/pulmonary hypertension, or obstructive uropathy are the aftermath of heavy or repeated infection typical for local populations; absence of these sequelae among travelers is not surprising.
In all cases, the fetus was affected by bilateral obstructive uropathy without any other associated malformation.
Patients with a large residual urinary volume and/or severely diminished urinary flow may not be good candidates for 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor therapy and should be carefully monitored for obstructive uropathy.
Patients with obstructive uropathy are more readily to have this infection, and a more severe one.
The most commonly diagnosed CAKUT include a multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK), vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) and obstructive uropathy due to posterior urethral valves (PUV) or pelvoureteric junction obstruction (PUJO).
A diagnosis of obstructive uropathy secondary to idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis was made.
Since not all patients demonstrate a response to PROSCAR, patients with a large residual urinary volume and/or severely diminished urinary flow should be carefully monitored for obstructive uropathy.
Patients who have obstructive uropathy, immunodeficiency, neurogenic bladder, and recurrent UTIs are at high risk.
The most commonly diagnosed CAKUT include a multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK), vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) and obstructive uropathy due to posterior urethral valves (PUV) or pelvoureteric junction obstruction (PUJO).
Although ultrasonography still has its role in excluding obstructive uropathy, it lacks sensitivity to detect early renal infarction.
Retroperitoneoscopic ureterocutaneostomy for obstructive uropathy with advanced bladder cancer: a case report.