obstructive uropathy


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ob·struc·tive u·rop·a·thy

any pathologic condition, anatomic or functional, of the urinary tract caused by obstruction.

chronic bilateral obstructive uropathy

A disorder characterised by prolonged and/or progressive blockage of urine flow from both kidneys due to urethral obstruction.
 
Clinical findings
Irritability, urgency, bladder incontinence, urine stasis, UTIs and urine reflux into ureters and kidney, leading to pyelonephritis and hydronephrosis; CBOU leads to hypertension and/or renal failure.
 
Aetiology
Bladder tumours; tumours or other structures of the bladder neck or urethra; kidney and/or bladder stones. The most common cause in men is benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostate cancer; in women, cystocele.

obstructive uropathy

Chronic bilateral obstructive uropathy, chronic urethral obstruction Urology A condition caused by urine blockage, resulting in ↑ pressure in renal pelvis and ureters which, with time, leads to HTN, renal failure Etiology Common in ♂–BPH, less common in ♀–due to cystocele; other causes include tumors of the prostate, bladder, ureter Clinical Urinary frequency, spasms, incontinence, later, UTIs and renal failure. See Acute bilateral obstructive uropathy, Acute unilateral obstructive uropathy.

ob·struc·tive u·rop·a·thy

(ŏb-strŭk'tiv yūr-op'ă-thē)
Any pathologic condition, anatomic or functional, of the urinary tract caused by obstruction.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inguinal herniation of a transplant ureter: rare cause of obstructive uropathy. Urology.
However, diuretics must be avoided in hypovolemia or obstructive uropathy.
In a patient with PHA, impaired renal function may be a warning for PHA secondary to obstructive uropathy. However, it should not be forgotten that prolonged dehydration in the first evaluation in primary PHA1 may also result in impaired renal functions.
Spontaneous renal forniceal rupture due to advanced cervical carcinoma with obstructive uropathy. Arch Gynecol Obstet 2009;279:915-918.
Neglected preputial stone may cause serious morbidities such as hydronephrosis and renal failure secondary to obstructive uropathy and preputial skin fistula [6].
This may be explained by the fact that obstructive uropathy was found to be the second primary cause of ESRD in Sudan, which may be associated with dietary habits and a higher prevalence of uncontrolled HTN and urinary schistosomiasis, as well as with aggravated CVD owing to ESRD accompanied with anemia and traditional risk factors for CVD such as DM, HTN, dyslipidemia, and smoking (28).
Several authors have reported cases of patients with bladder hernias presenting with obstructive uropathy and renal failure [4-6].
Probably, the presence of the fungal ball leads to obstructive uropathy facilitating bacterial infection, resulting in Proteus mirabilis pyelonephritis.
Obstructive uropathy is more common than reflux nephropathy in black African children.
Exclusion Criteria: Patients with following conditions were excluded from study:- Urinary tract infection, Chronic renal failure, Glomerulonephritis due to other systemic conditions, Connective tissue disorders like SLE, Obstructive uropathy, Hypertension, Pregnant women, Past history of hospitalization for hemodialysis and the renal transplant.
Hollander, "Inguinal herniation of a transplant ureter: rare cause of obstructive uropathy," Urology, vol.
Ohta et al., "Clinical characteristics of obstructive uropathy associated with rotavirus gastroenteritis in Japan," Clinical Nephrology, vol.

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