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GI disease Impairment of the fecal flow of GI contents Clinical Sx reflect point of obstruction and type of ileus; paralytic ileus causes little pain and is first evident through abdominal distension and vomiting; post-operative paralytic ileus may manifest itself through ↑ nasogastric secretions or oliguria; mechanical ileus is associated with vomiting, abdominal colic, distension and constipation, which may be episodic with intermittent relief by production of voluminous, watery stools Management Stabilize, decompress, repair. See Meconium ileus, Paralytic ileus.
Ileus types
Adynamic Paralytic ileus, 2º to electrolyte derangements, mesenteric arterial vascular accidents, peritoneal irritation, surgery, trauma, paraneoplastic phenomena
• Obstructive Intraluminal tumors, intussusception, gallstones, bezoar, feces, foreign bodies
• Intrinsic lesions Atresia, stenosis, strictures due to neoplasms, inflammation, chemicals, vascular lesions
• Extrinsic lesions Adhesive bands from C-sections, previous surgery, hernias, neoplasia, abscesses, volvulus, hematomas 
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Patient discussion about obstructive

Q. I recently had my surgery for bowel obstruction? I recently had my surgery for bowel obstruction? None of the diet was restricted for me by doctor but should I go for any special diet.

A. I had surgery in 08/08 during having a c-section and hernia repair, and I'm having diarrhea all the time. I don't know what to eat nor what medicines to take. Only Immodium AD helps temporary. If I have an appointment, I don't eat breakfast or lunch. I come home and eat dinner. About 30 minutes after eating, I'm in the bathroom. Can someone help me please? I have to return back to work next month, and I don't want to be in the bathroom more than I am at my desk.

Q. (COPD)chronic obstructive pulmonary disease the main causes of?

A. Mainly smoking, although ambient air pollution and industrial exposure to dust have also been implicated as causes.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers suggest that testing for obstructive sleep apnea should be part of the guidelines for managing treatment-resistant depression.
The 2019 study published in the West African Journal of Medicine said moderate to severe risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was observed in 51.4 per cent of patients with chronic kidney disease, 58.5 per cent of hypertensive and 17.3 per cent of apparently healthy participants.
"Excessive daytime sleepiness can negatively impact the daily lives of people living with narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnea at work, at home, or in daily activities.
This study is an analytic study with a cross sectional approach, with the aim to find an association between waist circumference and the risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).
Nineteen patients had obstructive and 40 patients had communicating hydrocephalus.
The prevalence of obstructive sleep apneahypopnea syndrome-related symptoms and their relation to airflow limitation in an elderly population receiving home care.
"This is the first study to identify an association between childhood exposure to second-hand smoke and death from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in middle age and beyond," said W.
They were addressing a seminar, 'Hazards of Smoking and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease', which jointly sponsored by the Express Media Group and Novartis.
Patients were not included in the study if they had a history of smoking, a previous diagnosis of diabetes, serious heart disease (congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, etc.), other known lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, interstitial lung disease, lung cancer, etc.), or other chronic diseases (hematological diseases, kidney, and liver diseases).