Between birth and 12 months of age, animals were tested for neonatal reflexes, object permanence
(a measure of early memory development), discrimination learning strategies (ability to respond differently to different stimuli), and social behaviors.
Bruce and Vargus use an action research project approach to explore teaching object permanence
to a blind student with multiple disabilities using some of the principles they described in their article that was published in the December 2012 issue of JVIB, entitled: "Assessment and Instruction of Object Permanence
in Children with Blindness and Multiple Disabilities.
They never have known a baseball practice or school dance without their parents hovering around the edge, and the parents have been letting the child dictate bedtime for the family since before the age of object permanence
This DVD also follows the first year of baby Orson and his family, but this time 20 clips show a wide range of development from Orson's first eye contact after birth through to his understanding of object permanence
, how he forms secure attachment and relationships with his family, and the developmental milestone of 'separation anxiety'.
cognition, attention, object permanence
and memory, pre-language and language skills, visual-spatial perception, executive functioning as well as pre-academic skills.
Arguing that understanding an object as a co-instantiated cluster of features is not sufficient to explain perception, Bermudez suggests that a complete account requires perceptual sensitivity to such higher-order object properties as object permanence
, impenetrability, or mass.
The primary objective of this exercise is to use an animal familiar to all students, the domestic dog, to examine the phenomena of object permanence
and social cueing.
A DVD that both parents and infants can enjoy together, The Baby Society stimulates early language skills of visual tracking, object permanence
, auditory attention, recognition of objects, cause and effect, naming/labeling, and understanding of early language concepts and phrases.
She examines such concepts as object permanence
, object constancy, and attachment to explore "enduring presences" and demonstrates that what was lost also remains--even if what remains does so in a different form.
This is important for the achievement of object permanence
- knowing that things that are out of sight continue to exist.
However, Baillargeon's clever test of object permanence
proved that infants as young as three and a half months have a sense of object permanence
The second video, The Language of Being, focuses on such concepts as language development and object permanence