To validate that obfuscation is a strategic choice by managers, we next test this link in some counterfactual settings.
We show that the higher the obfuscation of annual reports, the greater is the bid-ask spread following these disclosures, after controlling for all other firm characteristics and market conditions that have been shown to affect the spread.
Since real value of p(r' | r") is difficult for adversary to infer, obfuscation is supposed to follow an even distribution.
where [theta](r") refers to the location set of all the possible obfuscation when user locates at r".
Displacement and handling of the subroutine is one obfuscation method: its advantage is that it obfuscates the source of the program code and downs the order of the subroutine.
Another type of the obfuscation method is encryption.
Other obfuscation strategies involve genuine but misleading signals, such as the identical bowler hats of thieving confederates in The Thomas Crown Affair.
Having familiarized readers with obfuscation as a concept, Part II argues for the value of the technique.
None of the data obfuscation
techniques is the perfect answer to modern data security challenges organizations face today.
is the most primary method that is used by most of the .NET obfuscator tools.
is attractive because it offers to empower individuals.
Even when a user is masked within an obfuscation
area to satisfy k-anonymity, LBS servers can collect user queries for area information when they submit continuous LBS queries in a short period.