nutritional care

nutritional care

the substances, procedures, and setting involved in ensuring the proper intake and assimilation of nutriments, especially for the hospitalized patient.
method Depending on the patient's condition, nutritional requirements may be provided by regular meals with menus selected from the ordered diet, by tube feeding, or by parenteral hyperalimentation. Meals are served on attractive trays in an environment conducive to eating. Distasteful procedures are avoided before and after mealtime. Patients who are unable to feed themselves are assisted, and abnormal intake of food is recorded and reported. Supplemental nourishment is supplied when indicated, and fluids are offered between meals. The nutritional assessment includes observations of the patient's appetite; food preferences; allergies; height; intake and output; weight; measurements of the head, arms, abdomen, and skinfold thickness; skin color and turgor; and condition of the mouth, eyes, nails, and hair. Any cutaneous lesions, thyroid enlargement, dental caries, loose teeth, ill-fitting dentures, gum problems, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, diarrhea, or constipation is noted.
interventions The nurse sees that food is presented attractively, offers a washcloth and oral hygiene before and after meals, and, when necessary, feeds the patient to maintain an adequate intake. If indicated, such as in obese patients or those with disorders requiring a highly restricted diet, the nurse restricts food intake as ordered. Tube feedings are administered as ordered.
outcome criteria Obvious good health, maintenance of a normal body mass index, and the absence of GI symptoms usually indicate that the individual's nutritional requirements are being fulfilled.
References in periodicals archive ?
Open Competition: 161 001 Provision Of Services To Ensure That Certain Categories Of Citizens Of Drugs, Medical Devices, As Well As Specialized Products For The Nutritional Care Of Children With Disabilities
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3 Million children with nutritional care this year across the country.
Through chiropractic and nutritional care, we emphasize improving health of our patients in an effort to reduce the risk of pain and illness.
These mothers are often very young girls or women exposed to repeated deliveries with little or no health or nutritional care, they said.
If you recognise a patient is at risk, you need a nutritional care plan.
Storming into this week's Charity Champion top spot, the Cox family has raised over PS4,000 for a number of different areas across the hospital including Ward 9 (paediatric surgery), parent accommodation and nutritional care.
As well as the compulsory standards there are recommendations hospitals develop food and drink policies which encourage healthy eating, high-quality food production, sustainability and excellent nutritional care.
The refugees are reportedly being registered on arrival and given basic medical and nutritional care plus relief items at a reception centre opened last week by UNHCR and Ethiopia's Administration for Refugees and Returnees Affairs (ARRA).
The Dental Hygienist's Guide to Nutritional Care, 4th Edition (online access included)
Across the NHS we work to 10 key characteristics of good nutritional care.

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