nutritional care

nutritional care

the substances, procedures, and setting involved in ensuring the proper intake and assimilation of nutriments, especially for the hospitalized patient.
method Depending on the patient's condition, nutritional requirements may be provided by regular meals with menus selected from the ordered diet, by tube feeding, or by parenteral hyperalimentation. Meals are served on attractive trays in an environment conducive to eating. Distasteful procedures are avoided before and after mealtime. Patients who are unable to feed themselves are assisted, and abnormal intake of food is recorded and reported. Supplemental nourishment is supplied when indicated, and fluids are offered between meals. The nutritional assessment includes observations of the patient's appetite; food preferences; allergies; height; intake and output; weight; measurements of the head, arms, abdomen, and skinfold thickness; skin color and turgor; and condition of the mouth, eyes, nails, and hair. Any cutaneous lesions, thyroid enlargement, dental caries, loose teeth, ill-fitting dentures, gum problems, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, diarrhea, or constipation is noted.
interventions The nurse sees that food is presented attractively, offers a washcloth and oral hygiene before and after meals, and, when necessary, feeds the patient to maintain an adequate intake. If indicated, such as in obese patients or those with disorders requiring a highly restricted diet, the nurse restricts food intake as ordered. Tube feedings are administered as ordered.
outcome criteria Obvious good health, maintenance of a normal body mass index, and the absence of GI symptoms usually indicate that the individual's nutritional requirements are being fulfilled.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the heading "Wellbeing", the report states: "People unable to care for themselves independently are not always given the nutritional care they need.
A clinical guide to nutritional care in kidney disease, 2ndEd.
This campaign is designed for physicians, pharmacists, dietitians, nurses and other clinicians--all part of the critical team influencing patient nutritional care.
This includes reviewing the way we monitor nutritional care to patients in our emergency department, improving the quality of documentation within the department and the way we communicate with families.
The dentai hygienist's guide ro nutritional care, 4th cd.
The goal of nutritional assessment is to understand the patient's nutritional status in order to develop a nutritional care plan that should consist of nutritional goals, nutritional services, and medical care.
Post operative nutritional care plays a crucial role in wound healing specially in pediatric population1.
To help her and her siblings, Harvey, aged seven, and Amy, six, come to terms with Emma's treatment, the hospital's nutritional care team donated a bespoke 'Tubie' teddy bear, which has its own feeding tube, and even a theatre gown, just like Emma has to wear at the hospital.
Handbook of nutritional care in children with Cerebral Palsy).
According to the company, the new product is formulated with vitamins and minerals that promote health and enhance energy, and will provide premium nutritional care for the well-being of both mother and child.
However, those responsible for nutritional care of the patient with ALS should consider promoting fruits and vegetables, since they are high in antioxidants and carotenes.

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