Potts, "Role of GABAergic neurones in the nucleus tractus solitarii
in modulation of cardiovascular activity," Experimental Physiology, vol.
Machado, "Neurotransmission of the cardiovascular reflexes in the nucleus tractus solitarii
of awake rats," Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol.
Involvement of oxytocin in the nucleus tractus solitarii
on central cardiovascular control: interactions with glutamate.
Hsiao et al., "Adenosine modulates cardiovascular functions through activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase in the nucleus tractus solitarii
of rats," Circulation, vol.
Endothelial NO synthase activity in nucleus tractus solitarii
contributes to hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
According to an assumption, it is thought that a vagal reflex which is named vagocervical or esophagocervical reflex and the center of which is the nucleus tractus solitarii
is responsible of the clinical findings (10).
Nucleus tractus solitarii
: Afferent and efferent neuronal connections in relation to the baroreceptor reflex arc.
Cholinergic receptors are present in three medullary nuclei, the nucleus tractus solitarii
(NTS), nucleus ambiguous (AMB) and the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (DMV), which have been involved in the baroreceptor reflex activation that induce bradycardia.
Medullary visceral reflex circuits: local afferents to nucleus tractus solitarii
synthesize catecholamines and project to thoracic spinal cord.
Campagnole-Santos, "Modulation of the baroreflex control of heart rate by angiotensin-(1-7) at the nucleus tractus solitarii
of normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats," Journal of Hypertension, vol.
In the Nucleus Tractus Solitarii
(NTS), a sensory nucleus in the caudal medulla that receives primary afferent visceroceptive inputs, but also afferent fibers from various brain regions, volume fraction of astrocytic processes and the density of astrocyte membranes are rather high, equal to 15% and 2.8 [micro][m.sup.2]/[micro][m.sup.3], respectively.