nucleolus


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Related to nucleolus: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

nucleolus

 [noo-kle´o-lus] (L.)
a rounded refractile body in the nucleus of most cells, which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA, becoming enlarged during periods of synthesis and smaller during quiescent periods; multiple nucleoli occur in some cells.

nu·cle·o·lus

, pl.

nu·cle·o·li

(nū-klē'ō-lŭs, -lī), Avoid the mispronunciation nucleo'lus.
1. A small, rounded mass within the cell nucleus where ribosomal ribonucleoprotein is produced; it is usually single, but there may be several not bound to membrane accessory nucleoli besides the principal one. The nucleolus is composed of a meshwork (nucleolonema) of microfilaments and granules and the pars amorpha, now shown to have microfilaments also.
2. A more-or-less central body in the vesicular nucleus of certain protozoa in which an endosome is lacking but one or more Feulgen-positive (DNA+) nucleoli are present; characteristic of certain sporozoans, flagellates, opalinids, dinoflagellates, and radiolarians among the Protozoa. The chromatin material is distributed throughout the nucleus rather than peripherally, as in the endosome type of nucleus of Entamoeba.
[L. dim of nucleus, a nut, kernel]

nucleolus

/nu·cle·o·lus/ (noo-kle´o-lus) pl. nucle´oli   [L.] a rounded refractile body in the nucleus of most cells, which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA.

nucleolus

(no͞o-klē′ə-ləs, nyo͞o-)
n. pl. nucleo·li (-lī′)
A small body in the nucleus of a cell that contains protein and RNA and is the site for the synthesis of ribosomal RNA and for the formation of ribosomal subunits.

nu·cle′o·lar (-lər) adj.

nucleolus

[no̅o̅klē′ələs] pl. nucleoli
Etymology: L, little nut kernel
any one of the small, dense structures composed largely of ribonucleic acid that are situated within the cytoplasm of cells. Nucleoli are essential in the formation of ribosomes that synthesize cell proteins.

nu·cle·o·lus

, pl. nucleoli (nū-klē'ŏ-lŭs, nū-klē'ō-lī)
A small, rounded mass within the cell nucleus where ribonucleoprotein is produced.
[L. dim of nucleus, a nut, kernel]

nucleolus

A small, dense rounded body found in the nucleus of most cells. The nucleolus generates RIBOSOMES and is the site of the transcription of ribosomal RNA. The size and number of nucleoli in a cell nucleus vary with the amount of protein synthesized by the cell.

nucleolus

(pl. nucleoli) an organelle found within the nuclei of EUKARYOTES, that contains RIBOSOMAL RNA and is associated with that part of the chromosome which codes for rRNA. Each nucleus contains one or more nucleoli, which appear darkly stained in preparations.

nucleolus

small area within the cell nucleus, where ribonucleoprotein is formed

nucleolus

pl. nucleoli [L.] a rounded refractile body in the nucleus of most cells, which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA, becoming enlarged during periods of synthesis and smaller during quiescent periods; multiple nucleoli occur in some cells.

nucleolus organizer site
chromosomal sites for attachment of nucleoli.
References in periodicals archive ?
The nucleolus ranged from 10-15 [micro]m and stained a lighter blue than that of the stage 3 oocytes.
Morphological changes in the nucleolus during oogenesis
Persistent nucleolus phenomenon was not observed in some metaphase cells of both varieties and only in anaphase cells of 'Stahl' progenitor (Figure 1F).
Note that these conditions hold in the case of a TU game, so that the nucleolus does exist in that case; moreover, as proved by Schmeidler, another result is helping to prove the uniqueness of the nucleolus of a TU game.
The nucleolus is not visible, or if visible, there is only one per cell.
Amebae were identified by a nucleus containing a large central nucleolus (Figure 1C, inset).
In a retrospective multicenter study of 201 patients, positive staining for human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) in the nucleolus was associated with a twofold higher relative risk of dying after curative resection for hepatic colorectal metastases; the increase was statistically significant (J.
Most of the histiocytes had elongated nuclei with central folding or indentation and a small nucleolus.
that siRNAs can attack small nucleolar (sno)RNAs, non-mRNAs involved in the biosynthesis of ribosomal RNA in the nucleolus (Liang et al.