nosocomial pneumonia


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hospital-acquired pneumonia

pneumonia in a patient in a hospital, or hospital-like setting, such as a rehabilitation facility. Often caused by gram-negative or staphylococcal organisms.

nosocomial pneumonia

An infection of lungs–bronchoalveolar unit–in a Pt who has been hospitalized ≥ 48 hrs, and directly attributable to pathogens acquired during the hospital visit Etiology Pseudomonas spp, S aureus, Legionella spp Management 3rd generation cephalosporins, aminoglycosides–eg, gentamicin. Cf Community-acquired pneumonia, Nosocomial infection, Reverse isolation.

nosocomial pneumonia

Pneumonia occurring after 48 hours of confinement in a hospital, intensive care unit, or nursing home. It is often the result of infection with gram-negative pathogens or multiply drug-resistant bacteria and includes both ventilator-associated pneumonias and other lower respiratory tract infections. Synonym: healthcare-associated pneumonia
See also: pneumonia
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysis of Phase 3 telavancin nosocomial pneumonia data excluding patients with severe renal impairment and acute renal failure.
Samples were collected in 62 episodes of community-acquired pneumonia, 120 episodes of nosocomial pneumonia, and 28 episodes of mixed pneumonia (community-acquired, complicated with a nosocomial infection).
The abovementioned search strategies were independently employed by the two reviewers after initially considering the titles of the articles relevant to the study, by searching with the use of the following keywords: ventilator-associated pneumonia, chlorhexidine, oral care, mouth care, nosocomial pneumonia.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guidelines for prevention of nosocomial pneumonia.
Eight days later, fever (temperature up to 40[degrees]C), Enterococcus faecalis bacteremia, nosocomial pneumonia from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, respiratory failure requiring mechanic ventilation, and renal failure developed in the patient.
Linezolid vs vancomycin: analysis of two double-blind studies of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nosocomial pneumonia.
Successful testing of this antibiotic in patients with nosocomial pneumonia would result in Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for the antibiotic for this treatment indication.
Risk factors for nosocomial pneumonia in critically ill trauma patients.
An antibacterial for adults with vancomycin-resistant Enterococus faecium (VREF) infections, nosocomial pneumonia, and skin and skin structure infections (SSTIs), including cases caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
Such preferences are observed for all indications surveyed--cSSSIs, bloodstream infections, endocarditis and osteomyelitis--except for nosocomial pneumonia, given that Cubicin is not effective in the lung due to inactivation by surfactant.
Early diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia in the ICU is vital, as the prompt initiation of appropriate antibiotic therapy reduces mortality.