nosocomial pneumonia


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hospital-acquired pneumonia

pneumonia in a patient in a hospital, or hospital-like setting, such as a rehabilitation facility. Often caused by gram-negative or staphylococcal organisms.

nosocomial pneumonia

An infection of lungs–bronchoalveolar unit–in a Pt who has been hospitalized ≥ 48 hrs, and directly attributable to pathogens acquired during the hospital visit Etiology Pseudomonas spp, S aureus, Legionella spp Management 3rd generation cephalosporins, aminoglycosides–eg, gentamicin. Cf Community-acquired pneumonia, Nosocomial infection, Reverse isolation.

nosocomial pneumonia

Pneumonia occurring after 48 hours of confinement in a hospital, intensive care unit, or nursing home. It is often the result of infection with gram-negative pathogens or multiply drug-resistant bacteria and includes both ventilator-associated pneumonias and other lower respiratory tract infections. Synonym: healthcare-associated pneumonia
See also: pneumonia
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, initial choice of empiric antibiotics must cover for both nosocomial pneumonia and CAP with aspiration component.
Incidence, risk factors and mortality of nosocomial pneumonia in intensive care units: a prospective study.
The results of the present study indicate that use of HP mouthwash is more effective than NS mouthwash in reducing VAP, thereby encouraging future studies to be conducted on the role of HP mouthwash in the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia.
Nosocomial pneumonia in patients receiving continuous mechanical ventilation.
Supine body position as a risk factor for nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients: A randomised trial.
The primary objective of this pilot study was to investigate the influence of a supervised, moderate endurance exercise program which lasts for at least three weeks, on the incidence of non-fungal, nosocomial pneumonias and fevers in patients undergoing HDC.
Numerous acute care hospitals have adopted the guidelines in hope of eradicating or minimizing nosocomial pneumonia rates.
aeruginosa was the second most common cause of nosocomial pneumonia among ICU patients, the fourth most common cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs), and the sixth most common cause of blood stream infections (BSIs).
The company announced that the FDA sent it a letter indicating that its response to the agency's questions about telavancin for the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia (NP) is incomplete and that the review clock will not start until the FDA receives a "complete response.
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients that develops more than 48 hours after initiation of mechanical ventilation (MV).