youth aged 3 to 17 years were exposed to SHS from tobacco in 2013 to 2016.
Two-tailed tests of significance ([alpha] = 0.05) were performed to compare the percentages of nonsmoking
workers in different groups of states or industry categories reporting SHS exposure.
In the present study, the decrease in the VC values of smoking sportsmen before and after training was significant when compared with nonsmoking
sportsmen (p<0.001) (Graphic 3).
The mean percentages of predicted [FEV.sub.1] values in women in the nonsmoking
sedentary, smoking nonsedentary, and smoking sedentary groups were 95%, 94%, 89%, and 85%.
Ensure that nonsmoking
staff and offenders are provided a smoke-free environment;
All these issues highlight the limited success of the nonsmoking
movements so far.
It also plans to put up nonsmoking
signs in cooperation with the corporate taxi group, as well as placing smoke-free stickers inside the cabs.
The tests measured PPAH levels of 152 ng/[m.sup.3] in the Black Dog's smoking section and 16 ng/[m.sup.3] in the nonsmoking
The group pointed to evidence from Ireland, New York and California where an initial sales decline was followed by a recovery once customers adjusted to the nonsmoking
In Liverpool, the Populus poll showed that 70% of people wanted separate smoking and nonsmoking
areas in pubs, bars and clubs, 5% wanted smoking allowed throughout, and only 23% wanted a ban.
A spokeswoman for its owner, the Laurel Pub Company, said they had seen trade increase at its five other nonsmoking
pubs and that it planned to make 60 of its 625 venues smoke-free environments by the end of the summer.
The ordinance designates 25% of the ward as nonsmoking
. The areas include those around JR Akihabara and Ochanomizu stations, where many cigarette butts are seen.