To evaluate the method's sensitivity to vaginal irritants, nonoxynol-9
(N-9) was used in concentrations ranging from 0.001 to 100% (v/v) (aqueous solutions, when applicable).
Fruhstorfer, "The efficacy of nonoxynol-9
from an in vitro point of view," AIDS, vol.
A similar effect was seen in Nonoxynol-9
treated Sertoli cells which served as the positive controls.
Hence the objective of this study was to isolate the protein from these extracts and to study its effects on sperm in vitro in comparison with nonoxynol-9
, a known spermicide.
Effect of nonoxynol-9
gel on urogenital gonorrhea and chlamydial infection: a randomized controlled trial.
The surfactants, such as nonoxynol-9
(1) and SAVVY, (2,3) are membrane surface-active agents.
Well, the lucky ones, that is.) And the newest installation of the series, Rock of Love Bus, is like a Tranny Roadshow pulling into your living room, a smell-o-vision assault of strawberry Bubble Yum, Nair, cheap leather, Jean Nat,, and nonoxynol-9
, with an overtone of FDS spray (and when Bret starts jamming his tongue down all the girls' throats, you can count on a healthy splash of Drakkar Noir added to the olfactory mix).
She was referring to a study of a nonoxynol-9
gel (N-9) called the COL-1492 trial.
In December 2007, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a rule requiring over-the-counter vaginal contraceptives (gels, foams, creams) that contain nonoxynol-9
(N-9) to carry warning labels alerting the consumer that N-9 does not reduce the risk of HIV infection and could increase a woman's risk of becoming infected.
For example, three programs promoted the use of the spermicide nonoxynol-9
, but the report states that recent research has shown that nonoxynol-9
is ineffective against STDs and has the potential to increase the risk of transmission.
For example, three programs promoted use of the spermicide nonoxynol-9
, but the report states that recent research has shown that the spermicide is ineffective against sexually transmitted diseases and could increase the risk of transmission.
, the most widely used spermicide, has come under scrutiny because its strong detergent properties--which make it lethal to sperm--irritate the lining of the genital tract of some women.