noninvasive positive pressure ventilation


Also found in: Acronyms.

noninvasive positive pressure ventilation

the application of positive pressure through a nasal or full-face mask encompassing the nose and mouth, which is cycled in a similar way to modes of ventilation in which more direct control of the patient's airway or trachea has been achieved. This type of ventilation is often used to temporize while treating the patient to avoid endotracheal intubation.

non·in·va·sive pos·i·tive pres·sure ven·ti·la·tion

(NIPPV) (non'in-vā'siv poz'i-tiv presh'ŭr ven'ti-lā'shŭn)
In respiratory therapy, use of a full face mask covering both nose and mouth; often used temporarily before endotracheal intubation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Outcome of patients with stable COPD receiving controlled noninvasive positive pressure ventilation aimed at a maximal reduction of Pa(CO2).
5) noninvasive positive pressure ventilation During the first week of SARS patient care (March 12-19): On busiest day, worked >6 hours in SARS 39 (62.
Humidified high-flow oxygen was administered for the first 5 h, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation by oronasal mask for the next 18.
With decreasing length of patient stays in health care facilities, patient discharges involving noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), including respiratory assist devices, are generally a frustrating experience for the referral source, the patient and home care respiratory care professional.