noninvasive positive pressure ventilation


Also found in: Acronyms.

noninvasive positive pressure ventilation

the application of positive pressure through a nasal or full-face mask encompassing the nose and mouth, which is cycled in a similar way to modes of ventilation in which more direct control of the patient's airway or trachea has been achieved. This type of ventilation is often used to temporize while treating the patient to avoid endotracheal intubation.

non·in·va·sive pos·i·tive pres·sure ven·ti·la·tion

(NIPPV) (non'in-vā'siv poz'i-tiv presh'ŭr ven'ti-lā'shŭn)
In respiratory therapy, use of a full face mask covering both nose and mouth; often used temporarily before endotracheal intubation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Position of exhalation port and mask design affect C[O.sub.2] rebreathing during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Crit Care Med 2003;31:2178.82.
Hill, "Does noninvasive positive pressure ventilation improve outcome in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure?
PtcC[O.sub.2], transcutaneous PC[O.sub.2]; NPPV, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. (Reprinted from The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 134.
Although several prospective controlled randomized trials demonstrated the success of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in selected cases of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (ARF) in setting with different care levels, clinical practice data about the use of VNI in the "real world" are limited.
Typical second-line therapies are IV terbutaline, IV magnesium, IV theophylline, and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation.
Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for acute respiratory failure in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a general respiratory ward.
Of the 62 workers, 58.1% and 64.5% reported being in SARS patient rooms during medication nebulizer treatment, and 65% reported being in patient rooms during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation.
SAN FRANCISCO -- New evidence-based practice guidelines for managing acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease list five beneficial treatments: bronchodilators; corticosteroids; antibiotics; noninvasive positive pressure ventilation; and, sometimes, oxygen.
Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation by way of a mask, commonly known as BiPAP, has become a widely used procedure to support patients with respiratory failure, both in the chronic and the acute settings.
Leeper, "Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in status asthmaticus," Chest, vol.
The latter can be achieved with a variety of therapies, including invasive mechanical ventilation, negative pressure ventilation, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), or nocturnal diaphragmatic pacing.
Decreased consciousness is known as a contraindication to the use of NIPPV in general because it is thought that this therapy does not help the uncooperative patient and it is also not safe because of the risk of pulmonary aspiration and difficulty in managing bronchial secretions mainly because of depressed cough reflex.17,18 There is a very limited data on the use of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation by face mask in unconscious patients.