Broca’s aphasia

(redirected from nonfluent aphasia)
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Broca’s aphasia

Loss of language ability due to damage in Broca's area (Brodmann area 44 and 45), characterised by telegraphic speech in which the meaning is usually clear but the grammatical connecting words are missing, with retained comprehension.

Aetiology
Stroke, usually due to thromboembolism; less commonly due to brain tumours, cerebral haemorrhage, extradural haematoma.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is evidence that semantic priming effects can be found both in fluent and nonfluent aphasias, and that these effects are related to an extensive network which includes the temporal lobe, the prefrontal cortex, the left frontal gyrus, the left temporal gyrus and the cingulated cortex.
While those with nonfluent aphasia have a grammatical deficit which impedes for example the processing of thematic roles, clients with fluent aphasia have a lexico-semantic deficit which impedes their processing of thematic roles.
In addition, the dog provides a unique way to decrease the effortfulness that is a hallmark of nonfluent aphasia.
The current investigation included only three persons with chronic nonfluent aphasia.
Participant 2 was a 69-year-old right-handed male who was 6 years postonset of a left CVA leading to nonfluent aphasia.
Participant 2, the individual with nonfluent aphasia associated with a large anterior subcortical lesion, had very large treatment effects in picture naming for both trained nouns and verbs.
by examining fluent as well as nonfluent aphasias, plus languages/dialects not previously covered (African-American English, Afrikaans, Basque, Catalan, Czech, Friulian, Spanish), and by examining previously reported languages in greater depth (Farsi, Finnish, Hebrew, Hungarian, Polish, Swedish).