(1964) "The effect of variations in nonfluency
on audience ratings of source credibility", Quarterly Journal of Speech, vol.
The deliberate nonfluency
, in combination with the repetitive structure of this piece and the proliferation of conspicious "less(ness)" words, generates a style in which the words draw attention to themselves more as signifiers than as signifieds.
The stylistic features she examined were word length, sentence length, adjective-verb Quotient, main and subordinate clauses, readability, human interest, nonfluency
, and black dialect.
Furthermore, a high ratio of pause time to speaking time characterizes grief, while anxiety produces nonfluency
or blockages in speech.
Here is a reliable symptom of nonfluency
, one that corresponds to lore about interference from internal editors.