non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)

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non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)

a large group of drugs with varying degrees of anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic action. Related in their action to aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), the earliest of the group to be in common use. They act by inhibiting enzymes needed for the synthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxanes. Used in sport as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat pain and reduce swelling. Commonest used is ibuprofen, which can be bought over the counter without a doctor's prescription. Sportsmen and women can be advised to take these drugs to facilitate healing, but not to continue with sport due to the risk of masking the signs of further, potentially serious, tissue damage. See also Drugs and the law.
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